Dating irland

Dating for Parents is a site for single parents to connect and find love again. ... Ireland weather: Met Eireann forecast as major change to 'cold air' just days away. Dating Ireland is part of the dating network, which includes many other general and irish dating sites. As a member of Dating Ireland, your profile will automatically be shown on related irish dating sites or to related users in the network at no additional charge. For more information on how this works, click here. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. Completely Free Dating in Ireland and Northern Ireland. You are welcome to online dating in Ireland and Northern Ireland (UK). This Irish dating site is the one of the best free dating sites out there, it has been specifically invented and elaborated for those who don't have a partner, for those who would like to find love, romance, flirt, simply a friend or chat in the spare time. Find Irish transexuals looking for love online. At our site, TS Date Ireland you can find single transsexuals in search of love and happiness. Browse free, and meet one tonight!, TS Date Ireland Married Dating Ireland is part of the dating network, which includes many other general and cheater dating sites. As a member of Married Dating Ireland, your profile will automatically be shown on related cheater dating sites or to related users in the network at no additional charge. Ireland's Leading Online Dating Service. Dating in Ireland provides a secure, hassle-free environment where people can meet to form new online relationships. Whether you're looking for new friends, a quick soiree in the world of online dating, or the love of your life, you're sure to find someone special amongst our thousands of personal ads. Online dating in Ireland with Urbansocial is a great way to meet single men and single women looking to meet other Irish singles internet dating. Launched in 2003, Urbansocial online dating service has helped singles across Ireland, from Dublin to Cork, Sligo to Tipperary. Badoo is great for meeting people in Ireland for chat and fun, and for dating too! The Emerald Isle is full of fun things to do with your new friends – sample a perfectly-poured Guinness in a pub in the Temple Bar, or enjoy the arts, history or just the craic in this buzzing cultural centre. Dating Ireland is part of the dating network, which includes many other general and irish dating sites. As a member of Dating Ireland, your profile will automatically be shown on related irish dating sites or to related users in the network at no additional charge. For more information on how this works, click here.

Who is the furthest west Mongol culture character in CK2 at the 769 or 867 start date

2020.09.20 23:46 ValakisAndMenk Who is the furthest west Mongol culture character in CK2 at the 769 or 867 start date

I want to do a Tögsköl Khanate run in CK2 at the 867 or 769 start date. I haven't played CK3 but I love to browse and I discovered among a list of titular titles is The Tögsköl Khanate whose capital is Rome and why I want to do it in 769 or 867 to give myself some time to prepare before I am ultimately crusaded harder than a Fatimid Egypt. Although I have had good luck in that regard when I was a Cathar Hungary who controlled most of northern italy including rome, but instead a viking irland who controls 3 duchies in western italy got yeeted by papa supreme. But I digress some help would be nice with this, thank you folks.
submitted by ValakisAndMenk to CrusaderKings [link] [comments]


2020.09.06 12:14 GoshDLX Ironman Autosave does funny things

So, I always quit the game on the first of a new month, but whenever I come back to it the date is already set a week or two in the future with the game having simulated multiple things on its own.
Like in my actual playthrough, I'm the King of Scotland. I "save" and quit on the 1. of September and when I come back the next day, it is already the 9. of septemper. I'm suddenly in multiple wars, and my character has created every possible title he could create (which is pretty bad, as I own all of Irland and will lose it on succession because now I have the title of Ireland that one of my other damn sons will inherit).
This has happened multiple times now with the outcomes sometimes more or less grave, usually I will find myself in another war when I come back to the game. Its like the game supposedly simlulates a week ahead or something. Did anyone noticed the same or am I gaining the imbecile trait?
submitted by GoshDLX to CrusaderKings [link] [comments]


2020.09.01 14:32 Infp_grump I DONT KNOW WHERE DO DRAG MYSELF

I'll try to be as brief as possible. 23 y/o, INFP, female, on asentra(SSRI) So I completely lost my track. I make mistakes and looking back..I spend most of the time cleaning shit that I made and getting over difficult relationship breakups. I have no will, reason to live, I sleep a lot, devour in alchohol and sintetics because I feel like a nobody. I might have a young, beautiful female body at first glance. But I feel like nothing. This emptiness has poured into all aspects of my life and I cant distract myself any further.
SOME FACTS ABOUT ME
When I was a little girl all I ever wanted is to dance and sing. I would perform in front of people. I loved to sing and make up stories and write stories to my father. I unpologeticaly spoke my mind. I always had a great sense for helping others and having a need to do something good. I am a very loving and gentle person. Helping people helps me. I brought people together to sing. Any living creature makes my day. I absolutely hate maths. I have a strong sense of self and my own aesthetic that I stick to. I always had bad grades in school. I loved music and movement. Any other subjects were just there and I ALWAYS HAD TO FORCE MYSELF TO STUDY..my interests in most of those subject really declined in years. I danced ballet for 9 years, but I wasn't a good match for a ballet dancer(too expresive, too bold, small feet, feminine figure, a bit too cury for ballet). I tried modern jazz, jazz ballet but my self esteem during adolescence declined so much that I couldn't look myself into the mirror. I felt discouraged and disgusting. That fear of underachievement was too overwhelming. And also, in higshcool and had to study so much so I didnt have much time for dancing lessons. Even though it was the only thing that made me feel alive. But I started singing in different choirs. I loved it. But after years and two different choirs I stopped that too. My first year in college I was in choir but it took too much time. But oh it made me feel free when I sing. One of the few things in life when I feel good about myself is when I sing. But again...the weight of underachievement and fear and low self esteem. Now I am terryfied of performing in front of others. I simply freeze. I have a guitar and I sing every now and then and write songs. I have about 15 songs now because I wanted to finish my album. I still dont have a gear to finally record it and publish it. Lately I dont even feel like doing music, because I am not that good at playing guitar because I didn't go to music school. I wasted my time doing things I "had" to. I started to go to solo singing classes but were too expensive. So I decided to end this as well because my parents couldn't afford that.
BIEFLY ON MY BAD CAREER CHOICES
After highschool(4 years ago) I made poor choices about college. I decided to live in student doorms in a different city that's 1 hour away from my hometown. Already moved 7 times. So every year I have to move somewhere else, or at least I feel lost beacuse I don't know what's coming next. I still kind of live in the other city and come home every now and then. I have quite a broad social circle there, have things to do, people to meet. At home I feel isolated. but we have a beautiful house and surroundings, I have almost no expenses practicaly. First I decided to go to Analytical sociology and after a month I realized it was a mistake..I wasnt interested in any of the subjects. It was preety clear I didnt look into it at all..I was too young to know how important the decision actualy is. I didn't even have the knowledge about what is important to me, what actually suits my personality..I just made poor asumptions based on external motives. So then I dropped out of college and had to return the money for scholarship so I went to work several jobs (tea place, restaurants, night club) and also as an aupair in Irland to pay back the money. After a year, I've met a lot of people who studied biology, I went on field work with them and I really enjoyed determening species and different methods. I had one more choice I could make to apply for college(because I already quit before). So I looked into all Nature science programes and I couldn't apply for biology because I didnt score enough in graduation's final exam. So I looked into programes that were similar to biology, and I found agronomy. And thought that subjects were quite nice and seemed interesting to me. I knew that this had to be the right choice this time! Even if it's not, I will force myself into finishing at least bachelor's degree!
RELATIONSHIPS
From first grade of highschool on I've been in relationships. From one person to another. I couldn't stand being alone. Of course all those relatinships were quite tragic. In Highschool I was terrified of people abandoning me so I was extremely clingy. Low self esteem. I couldn't stand being with myself and when I broke up with them, I would just lie in bed crying. My entire life turned upside down. So I already had this terrible attachment style that would completely destroy me. And again, just half a year later I had a new relationship, just before I applied to college. We were madly in love even though I was still paranoid of being abandoned. I was also anxious about the fact that his ex was his best friend, they knew each other from high school. She was studying biology and because of his admiration of her I subconsciously adopted those interests that he admired and found fascinating. This is the part that is problematic- I wasnt stable enough to make decisions based on my own interests. I wanted to belong somewhere and to someone but also be admired. We lived together for a year. Ended with him ghosting me from his life and me being unable to cope with his decision. o I had several one night stands, drinking, drugs...I was thinking about ending my life. I didn't have a stable life and all I could do is go back home to my parents. They would moralise my bad decisions of course, but at least provide me a safe support and take care of me, listen to what I have to say. That same year my ex broke up with me I had a gap year, worked my ass off part time jobs, just to pay my rent and fuck around. I still had some exams to finish for the first year. So after half a year I decided that It was best to drop the work and go home to finish exams. So I finished exams in the summer (except one, I still haven't done) and was quite happy for almost half a year! I got over my ex(mostly) and continue with studying into the second year. I decided to start seeing a therapist. I still had some one night stands and some toxic relationships with people who had trouble commiting. But I ever felt so hungry and in constant need for something more. I met a nice person after I decided not to date. We became very good friends after I told him exactly what I am writing just now. He was the first person to really see me and decided nevertheless, to stay in my life and talk with me about it and be my friend. What is more, he is that kind of a person that put an entire mirror in front of me. I could see my actions and reasons behind all this. I could see my path is not really a choice I would make as a healthy individual. This is not what a 7 year old me would ever want. Well.. my needs acted out and we kind of decided to be together as a couple. It was not a right time, we were not compatible and I couldn't feel anything any longer. I was and still am just empty. All we did is drag each other down with over analysing every single thing. But because of that person I' ve reached the point where I did see all this lying to myself. All distractions and poor decisions that were driven by my piercing pain. And I felt from "knowing myself is easy and automatic" cliff to a deep existential crisis pit. I think that a moment I stopped lying to myself that things could work between this person and me I started to fall into the pit of nothingness. But we are good friends now..we talk regularly and he really wants to know how I am doing. He was the first person to tell me that the career I would choose Is totally different and that I'm just suffering and wasting time.
FAMILY
My brother is 7 years older. He was really a problematic teenager. Liying, stealing, skipping school. There was this weird sexual abuse between use when I was 12 or something. He didnt really love me so that was my way of plesing someone and being any good. Well now he is 30 and has a gf and he is way better and financial stable. He is doing great and he found his way of living. My mom can be a loving INFP but out of poor career choices and unhealthy family conditions is quite narcissistic. (her mom had a BPD and was very abusive so she had a parent role at a young age) Her parents were quite busy with jobs so her older sister took care of her. She hated my mom because she was too much to handle and annoying. They fought and were abusive to each other. So my mom is very quick tempered and was sometimes beating me when we were studying maths together. Calling me names and yelling at me and kicking me and pulling my hair and slapping me. I was yelling at her too. That kind of stopped in high school when I started to be a bit more individualistic. My father is very gentle and too kind. He has this overly protective and patronizing behaviour towards me. He doesnt know how to stand up for himself. A bit naive, which caused him some bad choices in his career. He was raised without a father. I always thought that he would be better off my mother, because of the toxic nature of their relationship. She is calling him names when they argue, threatening him, throwing things at him, they fought in early stages of their relationship. My father went in prison for about 2 years just when I started to go to high school (political matter) So at that time we had a strong financial crisis. My mom lost about 10 kg, was drinking in the day. Inviting "friends". It was just a weird time. She was just hopeless and impulsive. Depressed. 5 years ago my father came back and now everything is somehow ok. Financially we still kind of struggle but my parents are way better. They don't fight as much. I admire the fact that the went through such time together. So I try to be grateful, not blame anyone, take responsibilities in my actions because after all I really do live as a privileged individual. . . . . . .
So here I am, in the second year of agronomy. I maybe did 4 exams in the entire year, I would need about 30 more credits to go into a third year. I AM TIRED. Tired of my mistakes. I feel lonely even though I have people who call me and ask me how I am. I cant stand this bachelor's any more. I hate my classmates. I despise them. I feel like a live for someone else. I live in a false reality that I can't escape from anymore. I don't have a reason to wake up and I'm most likely to be obsessed with being in a relationship. So What is my next step? I can't force myself into doing those exams because It makes me miserable and I barely focus at all. I'm gonna drop uni and have a gap year again. Work somewhere to earn some money. I'm not sure if its a good idea to stay with my parents. I know they want to help me but I feel isolated and dragged into submission. All I know is that I need to rest my body a bit. Rest my mind. Look into my possibilities to study in Europe on a low budget. I really can't make a good and relaiable choice right now because I am in no position to trust myself. I hope that some of you people will actually read this and give a comment/advice/...
Everyone's sincerely,
Misterious person who doesn't feel like is safe to reveal its own name
submitted by Infp_grump to therapy [link] [comments]


2020.09.01 14:31 Infp_grump I DONT KNOW WHERE TO DRAG MYSELF

I'll try to be as brief as possible. 23 y/o, INFP, female, on asentra(SSRI) So I completely lost my track. I make mistakes and looking back..I spend most of the time cleaning shit that I made and getting over difficult relationship breakups. I have no will, reason to live, I sleep a lot, devour in alchohol and sintetics because I feel like a nobody. I might have a young, beautiful female body at first glance. But I feel like nothing. This emptiness has poured into all aspects of my life and I cant distract myself any further.
SOME FACTS ABOUT ME
When I was a little girl all I ever wanted is to dance and sing. I would perform in front of people. I loved to sing and make up stories and write stories to my father. I unpologeticaly spoke my mind. I always had a great sense for helping others and having a need to do something good. I am a very loving and gentle person. Helping people helps me. I brought people together to sing. Any living creature makes my day. I absolutely hate maths. I have a strong sense of self and my own aesthetic that I stick to. I always had bad grades in school. I loved music and movement. Any other subjects were just there and I ALWAYS HAD TO FORCE MYSELF TO STUDY..my interests in most of those subject really declined in years. I danced ballet for 9 years, but I wasn't a good match for a ballet dancer(too expresive, too bold, small feet, feminine figure, a bit too cury for ballet). I tried modern jazz, jazz ballet but my self esteem during adolescence declined so much that I couldn't look myself into the mirror. I felt discouraged and disgusting. That fear of underachievement was too overwhelming. And also, in higshcool and had to study so much so I didnt have much time for dancing lessons. Even though it was the only thing that made me feel alive. But I started singing in different choirs. I loved it. But after years and two different choirs I stopped that too. My first year in college I was in choir but it took too much time. But oh it made me feel free when I sing. One of the few things in life when I feel good about myself is when I sing. But again...the weight of underachievement and fear and low self esteem. Now I am terryfied of performing in front of others. I simply freeze. I have a guitar and I sing every now and then and write songs. I have about 15 songs now because I wanted to finish my album. I still dont have a gear to finally record it and publish it. Lately I dont even feel like doing music, because I am not that good at playing guitar because I didn't go to music school. I wasted my time doing things I "had" to. I started to go to solo singing classes but were too expensive. So I decided to end this as well because my parents couldn't afford that.
BIEFLY ON MY BAD CAREER CHOICES
After highschool(4 years ago) I made poor choices about college. I decided to live in student doorms in a different city that's 1 hour away from my hometown. Already moved 7 times. So every year I have to move somewhere else, or at least I feel lost beacuse I don't know what's coming next. I still kind of live in the other city and come home every now and then. I have quite a broad social circle there, have things to do, people to meet. At home I feel isolated. but we have a beautiful house and surroundings, I have almost no expenses practicaly. First I decided to go to Analytical sociology and after a month I realized it was a mistake..I wasnt interested in any of the subjects. It was preety clear I didnt look into it at all..I was too young to know how important the decision actualy is. I didn't even have the knowledge about what is important to me, what actually suits my personality..I just made poor asumptions based on external motives. So then I dropped out of college and had to return the money for scholarship so I went to work several jobs (tea place, restaurants, night club) and also as an aupair in Irland to pay back the money. After a year, I've met a lot of people who studied biology, I went on field work with them and I really enjoyed determening species and different methods. I had one more choice I could make to apply for college(because I already quit before). So I looked into all Nature science programes and I couldn't apply for biology because I didnt score enough in graduation's final exam. So I looked into programes that were similar to biology, and I found agronomy. And thought that subjects were quite nice and seemed interesting to me. I knew that this had to be the right choice this time! Even if it's not, I will force myself into finishing at least bachelor's degree!
RELATIONSHIPS
From first grade of highschool on I've been in relationships. From one person to another. I couldn't stand being alone. Of course all those relatinships were quite tragic. In Highschool I was terrified of people abandoning me so I was extremely clingy. Low self esteem. I couldn't stand being with myself and when I broke up with them, I would just lie in bed crying. My entire life turned upside down. So I already had this terrible attachment style that would completely destroy me. And again, just half a year later I had a new relationship, just before I applied to college. We were madly in love even though I was still paranoid of being abandoned. I was also anxious about the fact that his ex was his best friend, they knew each other from high school. She was studying biology and because of his admiration of her I subconsciously adopted those interests that he admired and found fascinating. This is the part that is problematic- I wasnt stable enough to make decisions based on my own interests. I wanted to belong somewhere and to someone but also be admired. We lived together for a year. Ended with him ghosting me from his life and me being unable to cope with his decision. o I had several one night stands, drinking, drugs...I was thinking about ending my life. I didn't have a stable life and all I could do is go back home to my parents. They would moralise my bad decisions of course, but at least provide me a safe support and take care of me, listen to what I have to say. That same year my ex broke up with me I had a gap year, worked my ass off part time jobs, just to pay my rent and fuck around. I still had some exams to finish for the first year. So after half a year I decided that It was best to drop the work and go home to finish exams. So I finished exams in the summer (except one, I still haven't done) and was quite happy for almost half a year! I got over my ex(mostly) and continue with studying into the second year. I decided to start seeing a therapist. I still had some one night stands and some toxic relationships with people who had trouble commiting. But I ever felt so hungry and in constant need for something more. I met a nice person after I decided not to date. We became very good friends after I told him exactly what I am writing just now. He was the first person to really see me and decided nevertheless, to stay in my life and talk with me about it and be my friend. What is more, he is that kind of a person that put an entire mirror in front of me. I could see my actions and reasons behind all this. I could see my path is not really a choice I would make as a healthy individual. This is not what a 7 year old me would ever want. Well.. my needs acted out and we kind of decided to be together as a couple. It was not a right time, we were not compatible and I couldn't feel anything any longer. I was and still am just empty. All we did is drag each other down with over analysing every single thing. But because of that person I' ve reached the point where I did see all this lying to myself. All distractions and poor decisions that were driven by my piercing pain. And I felt from "knowing myself is easy and automatic" cliff to a deep existential crisis pit. I think that a moment I stopped lying to myself that things could work between this person and me I started to fall into the pit of nothingness. But we are good friends now..we talk regularly and he really wants to know how I am doing. He was the first person to tell me that the career I would choose Is totally different and that I'm just suffering and wasting time.
FAMILY
My brother is 7 years older. He was really a problematic teenager. Liying, stealing, skipping school. There was this weird sexual abuse between use when I was 12 or something. He didnt really love me so that was my way of plesing someone and being any good. Well now he is 30 and has a gf and he is way better and financial stable. He is doing great and he found his way of living. My mom can be a loving INFP but out of poor career choices and unhealthy family conditions is quite narcissistic. (her mom had a BPD and was very abusive so she had a parent role at a young age) Her parents were quite busy with jobs so her older sister took care of her. She hated my mom because she was too much to handle and annoying. They fought and were abusive to each other. So my mom is very quick tempered and was sometimes beating me when we were studying maths together. Calling me names and yelling at me and kicking me and pulling my hair and slapping me. I was yelling at her too. That kind of stopped in high school when I started to be a bit more individualistic. My father is very gentle and too kind. He has this overly protective and patronizing behaviour towards me. He doesnt know how to stand up for himself. A bit naive, which caused him some bad choices in his career. He was raised without a father. I always thought that he would be better off my mother, because of the toxic nature of their relationship. She is calling him names when they argue, threatening him, throwing things at him, they fought in early stages of their relationship. My father went in prison for about 2 years just when I started to go to high school (political matter) So at that time we had a strong financial crisis. My mom lost about 10 kg, was drinking in the day. Inviting "friends". It was just a weird time. She was just hopeless and impulsive. Depressed. 5 years ago my father came back and now everything is somehow ok. Financially we still kind of struggle but my parents are way better. They don't fight as much. I admire the fact that the went through such time together. So I try to be grateful, not blame anyone, take responsibilities in my actions because after all I really do live as a privileged individual. . . . . . .
So here I am, in the second year of agronomy. I maybe did 4 exams in the entire year, I would need about 30 more credits to go into a third year. I AM TIRED. Tired of my mistakes. I feel lonely even though I have people who call me and ask me how I am. I cant stand this bachelor's any more. I hate my classmates. I despise them. I feel like a live for someone else. I live in a false reality that I can't escape from anymore. I don't have a reason to wake up and I'm most likely to be obsessed with being in a relationship. So What is my next step? I can't force myself into doing those exams because It makes me miserable and I barely focus at all. I'm gonna drop uni and have a gap year again. Work somewhere to earn some money. I'm not sure if its a good idea to stay with my parents. I know they want to help me but I feel isolated and dragged into submission. All I know is that I need to rest my body a bit. Rest my mind. Look into my possibilities to study in Europe on a low budget. I really can't make a good and relaiable choice right now because I am in no position to trust myself. I hope that some of you people will actually read this and give a comment/advice/...
Everyone's sincerely,
Misterious person who doesn't feel like is safe to reveal its own name
submitted by Infp_grump to helpme [link] [comments]


2020.09.01 14:30 Infp_grump I DONT KNOW WHERE TO DRAG MYSELF

I'll try to be as brief as possible. 23 y/o, INFP, female, on asentra(SSRI) So I completely lost my track. I make mistakes and looking back..I spend most of the time cleaning shit that I made and getting over difficult relationship breakups. I have no will, reason to live, I sleep a lot, devour in alchohol and sintetics because I feel like a nobody. I might have a young, beautiful female body at first glance. But I feel like nothing. This emptiness has poured into all aspects of my life and I cant distract myself any further.
SOME FACTS ABOUT ME
When I was a little girl all I ever wanted is to dance and sing. I would perform in front of people. I loved to sing and make up stories and write stories to my father. I unpologeticaly spoke my mind. I always had a great sense for helping others and having a need to do something good. I am a very loving and gentle person. Helping people helps me. I brought people together to sing. Any living creature makes my day. I absolutely hate maths. I have a strong sense of self and my own aesthetic that I stick to. I always had bad grades in school. I loved music and movement. Any other subjects were just there and I ALWAYS HAD TO FORCE MYSELF TO STUDY..my interests in most of those subject really declined in years. I danced ballet for 9 years, but I wasn't a good match for a ballet dancer(too expresive, too bold, small feet, feminine figure, a bit too cury for ballet). I tried modern jazz, jazz ballet but my self esteem during adolescence declined so much that I couldn't look myself into the mirror. I felt discouraged and disgusting. That fear of underachievement was too overwhelming. And also, in higshcool and had to study so much so I didnt have much time for dancing lessons. Even though it was the only thing that made me feel alive. But I started singing in different choirs. I loved it. But after years and two different choirs I stopped that too. My first year in college I was in choir but it took too much time. But oh it made me feel free when I sing. One of the few things in life when I feel good about myself is when I sing. But again...the weight of underachievement and fear and low self esteem. Now I am terryfied of performing in front of others. I simply freeze. I have a guitar and I sing every now and then and write songs. I have about 15 songs now because I wanted to finish my album. I still dont have a gear to finally record it and publish it. Lately I dont even feel like doing music, because I am not that good at playing guitar because I didn't go to music school. I wasted my time doing things I "had" to. I started to go to solo singing classes but were too expensive. So I decided to end this as well because my parents couldn't afford that.
BIEFLY ON MY BAD CAREER CHOICES
After highschool(4 years ago) I made poor choices about college. I decided to live in student doorms in a different city that's 1 hour away from my hometown. Already moved 7 times. So every year I have to move somewhere else, or at least I feel lost beacuse I don't know what's coming next. I still kind of live in the other city and come home every now and then. I have quite a broad social circle there, have things to do, people to meet. At home I feel isolated. but we have a beautiful house and surroundings, I have almost no expenses practicaly. First I decided to go to Analytical sociology and after a month I realized it was a mistake..I wasnt interested in any of the subjects. It was preety clear I didnt look into it at all..I was too young to know how important the decision actualy is. I didn't even have the knowledge about what is important to me, what actually suits my personality..I just made poor asumptions based on external motives. So then I dropped out of college and had to return the money for scholarship so I went to work several jobs (tea place, restaurants, night club) and also as an aupair in Irland to pay back the money. After a year, I've met a lot of people who studied biology, I went on field work with them and I really enjoyed determening species and different methods. I had one more choice I could make to apply for college(because I already quit before). So I looked into all Nature science programes and I couldn't apply for biology because I didnt score enough in graduation's final exam. So I looked into programes that were similar to biology, and I found agronomy. And thought that subjects were quite nice and seemed interesting to me. I knew that this had to be the right choice this time! Even if it's not, I will force myself into finishing at least bachelor's degree!
RELATIONSHIPS
From first grade of highschool on I've been in relationships. From one person to another. I couldn't stand being alone. Of course all those relatinships were quite tragic. In Highschool I was terrified of people abandoning me so I was extremely clingy. Low self esteem. I couldn't stand being with myself and when I broke up with them, I would just lie in bed crying. My entire life turned upside down. So I already had this terrible attachment style that would completely destroy me. And again, just half a year later I had a new relationship, just before I applied to college. We were madly in love even though I was still paranoid of being abandoned. I was also anxious about the fact that his ex was his best friend, they knew each other from high school. She was studying biology and because of his admiration of her I subconsciously adopted those interests that he admired and found fascinating. This is the part that is problematic- I wasnt stable enough to make decisions based on my own interests. I wanted to belong somewhere and to someone but also be admired. We lived together for a year. Ended with him ghosting me from his life and me being unable to cope with his decision. o I had several one night stands, drinking, drugs...I was thinking about ending my life. I didn't have a stable life and all I could do is go back home to my parents. They would moralise my bad decisions of course, but at least provide me a safe support and take care of me, listen to what I have to say. That same year my ex broke up with me I had a gap year, worked my ass off part time jobs, just to pay my rent and fuck around. I still had some exams to finish for the first year. So after half a year I decided that It was best to drop the work and go home to finish exams. So I finished exams in the summer (except one, I still haven't done) and was quite happy for almost half a year! I got over my ex(mostly) and continue with studying into the second year. I decided to start seeing a therapist. I still had some one night stands and some toxic relationships with people who had trouble commiting. But I ever felt so hungry and in constant need for something more. I met a nice person after I decided not to date. We became very good friends after I told him exactly what I am writing just now. He was the first person to really see me and decided nevertheless, to stay in my life and talk with me about it and be my friend. What is more, he is that kind of a person that put an entire mirror in front of me. I could see my actions and reasons behind all this. I could see my path is not really a choice I would make as a healthy individual. This is not what a 7 year old me would ever want. Well.. my needs acted out and we kind of decided to be together as a couple. It was not a right time, we were not compatible and I couldn't feel anything any longer. I was and still am just empty. All we did is drag each other down with over analysing every single thing. But because of that person I' ve reached the point where I did see all this lying to myself. All distractions and poor decisions that were driven by my piercing pain. And I felt from "knowing myself is easy and automatic" cliff to a deep existential crisis pit. I think that a moment I stopped lying to myself that things could work between this person and me I started to fall into the pit of nothingness. But we are good friends now..we talk regularly and he really wants to know how I am doing. He was the first person to tell me that the career I would choose Is totally different and that I'm just suffering and wasting time.
FAMILY
My brother is 7 years older. He was really a problematic teenager. Liying, stealing, skipping school. There was this weird sexual abuse between use when I was 12 or something. He didnt really love me so that was my way of plesing someone and being any good. Well now he is 30 and has a gf and he is way better and financial stable. He is doing great and he found his way of living. My mom can be a loving INFP but out of poor career choices and unhealthy family conditions is quite narcissistic. (her mom had a BPD and was very abusive so she had a parent role at a young age) Her parents were quite busy with jobs so her older sister took care of her. She hated my mom because she was too much to handle and annoying. They fought and were abusive to each other. So my mom is very quick tempered and was sometimes beating me when we were studying maths together. Calling me names and yelling at me and kicking me and pulling my hair and slapping me. I was yelling at her too. That kind of stopped in high school when I started to be a bit more individualistic. My father is very gentle and too kind. He has this overly protective and patronizing behaviour towards me. He doesnt know how to stand up for himself. A bit naive, which caused him some bad choices in his career. He was raised without a father. I always thought that he would be better off my mother, because of the toxic nature of their relationship. She is calling him names when they argue, threatening him, throwing things at him, they fought in early stages of their relationship. My father went in prison for about 2 years just when I started to go to high school (political matter) So at that time we had a strong financial crisis. My mom lost about 10 kg, was drinking in the day. Inviting "friends". It was just a weird time. She was just hopeless and impulsive. Depressed. 5 years ago my father came back and now everything is somehow ok. Financially we still kind of struggle but my parents are way better. They don't fight as much. I admire the fact that the went through such time together. So I try to be grateful, not blame anyone, take responsibilities in my actions because after all I really do live as a privileged individual. . . . . . .
So here I am, in the second year of agronomy. I maybe did 4 exams in the entire year, I would need about 30 more credits to go into a third year. I AM TIRED. Tired of my mistakes. I feel lonely even though I have people who call me and ask me how I am. I cant stand this bachelor's any more. I hate my classmates. I despise them. I feel like a live for someone else. I live in a false reality that I can't escape from anymore. I don't have a reason to wake up and I'm most likely to be obsessed with being in a relationship. So What is my next step? I can't force myself into doing those exams because It makes me miserable and I barely focus at all. I'm gonna drop uni and have a gap year again. Work somewhere to earn some money. I'm not sure if its a good idea to stay with my parents. I know they want to help me but I feel isolated and dragged into submission. All I know is that I need to rest my body a bit. Rest my mind. Look into my possibilities to study in Europe on a low budget. I really can't make a good and relaiable choice right now because I am in no position to trust myself. I hope that some of you people will actually read this and give a comment/advice/...
Everyone's sincerely,
Misterious person who doesn't feel like is safe to reveal its own name
submitted by Infp_grump to depression [link] [comments]


2020.09.01 14:21 Infp_grump I DONT KNOW WHERE TO DRAG MYSELF

I'll try to be as brief as possible.
23 y/o, INFP, female, on asentra(SSRI) So I completely lost my track. I make mistakes and looking back..I spend most of the time cleaning shit that I made and getting over difficult relationship breakups. I have no will, reason to live, I sleep a lot, devour in alchohol and sintetics because I feel like a nobody. I might have a young, beautiful female body at first glance. But I feel like nothing. This emptiness has poured into all aspects of my life and I cant distract myself any further.
SOME FACTS ABOUT ME
When I was a little girl all I ever wanted is to dance and sing. I would perform in front of people. I loved to sing and make up stories and write stories to my father. I unpologeticaly spoke my mind. I always had a great sense for helping others and having a need to do something good. I am a very loving and gentle person. Helping people helps me. I brought people together to sing. Any living creature makes my day. I absolutely hate maths. I have a strong sense of self and my own aesthetic that I stick to. I always had bad grades in school. I loved music and movement. Any other subjects were just there and I ALWAYS HAD TO FORCE MYSELF TO STUDY..my interests in most of those subject really declined in years. I danced ballet for 9 years, but I wasn't a good match for a ballet dancer(too expresive, too bold, small feet, feminine figure, a bit too cury for ballet). I tried modern jazz, jazz ballet but my self esteem during adolescence declined so much that I couldn't look myself into the mirror. I felt discouraged and disgusting. That fear of underachievement was too overwhelming. And also, in higshcool and had to study so much so I didnt have much time for dancing lessons. Even though it was the only thing that made me feel alive. But I started singing in different choirs. I loved it. But after years and two different choirs I stopped that too. My first year in college I was in choir but it took too much time. But oh it made me feel free when I sing. One of the few things in life when I feel good about myself is when I sing. But again...the weight of underachievement and fear and low self esteem. Now I am terryfied of performing in front of others. I simply freeze. I have a guitar and I sing every now and then and write songs. I have about 15 songs now because I wanted to finish my album. I still dont have a gear to finally record it and publish it. Lately I dont even feel like doing music, because I am not that good at playing guitar because I didn't go to music school. I wasted my time doing things I "had" to. I started to go to solo singing classes but were too expensive. So I decided to end this as well because my parents couldn't afford that.
BIEFLY ON MY BAD CAREER CHOICES
After highschool(4 years ago) I made poor choices about college. I decided to live in student doorms in a different city that's 1 hour away from my hometown. Already moved 7 times. So every year I have to move somewhere else, or at least I feel lost beacuse I don't know what's coming next. I still kind of live in the other city and come home every now and then. I have quite a broad social circle there, have things to do, people to meet. At home I feel isolated. but we have a beautiful house and surroundings, I have almost no expenses practicaly. First I decided to go to Analytical sociology and after a month I realized it was a mistake..I wasnt interested in any of the subjects. It was preety clear I didnt look into it at all..I was too young to know how important the decision actualy is. I didn't even have the knowledge about what is important to me, what actually suits my personality..I just made poor asumptions based on external motives. So then I dropped out of college and had to return the money for scholarship so I went to work several jobs (tea place, restaurants, night club) and also as an aupair in Irland to pay back the money. After a year, I've met a lot of people who studied biology, I went on field work with them and I really enjoyed determening species and different methods. I had one more choice I could make to apply for college(because I already quit before). So I looked into all Nature science programes and I couldn't apply for biology because I didnt score enough in graduation's final exam. So I looked into programes that were similar to biology, and I found agronomy. And thought that subjects were quite nice and seemed interesting to me. I knew that this had to be the right choice this time! Even if it's not, I will force myself into finishing at least bachelor's degree!
RELATIONSHIPS
From first grade of highschool on I've been in relationships. From one person to another. I couldn't stand being alone. Of course all those relatinships were quite tragic. In Highschool I was terrified of people abandoning me so I was extremely clingy. Low self esteem. I couldn't stand being with myself and when I broke up with them, I would just lie in bed crying. My entire life turned upside down. So I already had this terrible attachment style that would completely destroy me. And again, just half a year later I had a new relationship, just before I applied to college. We were madly in love even though I was still paranoid of being abandoned. I was also anxious about the fact that his ex was his best friend, they knew each other from high school. She was studying biology and because of his admiration of her I subconsciously adopted those interests that he admired and found fascinating. This is the part that is problematic- I wasnt stable enough to make decisions based on my own interests. I wanted to belong somewhere and to someone but also be admired. We lived together for a year. Ended with him ghosting me from his life and me being unable to cope with his decision. o I had several one night stands, drinking, drugs...I was thinking about ending my life. I didn't have a stable life and all I could do is go back home to my parents. They would moralise my bad decisions of course, but at least provide me a safe support and take care of me, listen to what I have to say. That same year my ex broke up with me I had a gap year, worked my ass off part time jobs, just to pay my rent and fuck around. I still had some exams to finish for the first year. So after half a year I decided that It was best to drop the work and go home to finish exams. So I finished exams in the summer (except one, I still haven't done) and was quite happy for almost half a year! I got over my ex(mostly) and continue with studying into the second year. I decided to start seeing a therapist. I still had some one night stands and some toxic relationships with people who had trouble commiting. But I ever felt so hungry and in constant need for something more. I met a nice person after I decided not to date. We became very good friends after I told him exactly what I am writing just now. He was the first person to really see me and decided nevertheless, to stay in my life and talk with me about it and be my friend. What is more, he is that kind of a person that put an entire mirror in front of me. I could see my actions and reasons behind all this. I could see my path is not really a choice I would make as a healthy individual. This is not what a 7 year old me would ever want. Well.. my needs acted out and we kind of decided to be together as a couple. It was not a right time, we were not compatible and I couldn't feel anything any longer. I was and still am just empty. All we did is drag each other down with over analysing every single thing. But because of that person I' ve reached the point where I did see all this lying to myself. All distractions and poor decisions that were driven by my piercing pain. And I felt from "knowing myself is easy and automatic" cliff to a deep existential crisis pit. I think that a moment I stopped lying to myself that things could work between this person and me I started to fall into the pit of nothingness. But we are good friends now..we talk regularly and he really wants to know how I am doing. He was the first person to tell me that the career I would choose Is totally different and that I'm just suffering and wasting time.
FAMILY
My brother is 7 years older. He was really a problematic teenager. Liying, stealing, skipping school. There was this weird sexual abuse between use when I was 12 or something. He didnt really love me so that was my way of plesing someone and being any good. Well now he is 30 and has a gf and he is way better and financial stable. He is doing great and he found his way of living. My mom can be a loving INFP but out of poor career choices and unhealthy family conditions is quite narcissistic. (her mom had a BPD and was very abusive so she had a parent role at a young age) Her parents were quite busy with jobs so her older sister took care of her. She hated my mom because she was too much to handle and annoying. They fought and were abusive to each other. So my mom is very quick tempered and was sometimes beating me when we were studying maths together. Calling me names and yelling at me and kicking me and pulling my hair and slapping me. I was yelling at her too. That kind of stopped in high school when I started to be a bit more individualistic. My father is very gentle and too kind. He has this overly protective and patronizing behaviour towards me. He doesnt know how to stand up for himself. A bit naive, which caused him some bad choices in his career. He was raised without a father. I always thought that he would be better off my mother, because of the toxic nature of their relationship. She is calling him names when they argue, threatening him, throwing things at him, they fought in early stages of their relationship. My father went in prison for about 2 years just when I started to go to high school (political matter) So at that time we had a strong financial crisis. My mom lost about 10 kg, was drinking in the day. Inviting "friends". It was just a weird time. She was just hopeless and impulsive. Depressed. 5 years ago my father came back and now everything is somehow ok. Financially we still kind of struggle but my parents are way better. They don't fight as much. I admire the fact that the went through such time together. So I try to be grateful, not blame anyone, take responsibilities in my actions because after all I really do live as a privileged individual. . . . . . .
So here I am, in the second year of agronomy. I maybe did 4 exams in the entire year, I would need about 30 more credits to go into a third year. I AM TIRED. Tired of my mistakes. I feel lonely even though I have people who call me and ask me how I am. I cant stand this bachelor's any more. I hate my classmates. I despise them. I feel like a live for someone else. I live in a false reality that I can't escape from anymore. I don't have a reason to wake up and I'm most likely to be obsessed with being in a relationship. So What is my next step? I can't force myself into doing those exams because It makes me miserable and I barely focus at all. I'm gonna drop uni and have a gap year again. Work somewhere to earn some money. I'm not sure if its a good idea to stay with my parents. I know they want to help me but I feel isolated and dragged into submission. All I know is that I need to rest my body a bit. Rest my mind. Look into my possibilities to study in Europe on a low budget. I really can't make a good and relaiable choice right now because I am in no position to trust myself. I hope that some of you people will actually read this and give a comment/advice/...
Everyone's sincerely,
Misterious person who doesn't feel like is safe to reveal its own name
submitted by Infp_grump to selfimprovement [link] [comments]


2020.09.01 14:19 Infp_grump I DONT KNOW WHERE TO DRAG MYSELF

I'll try to be as brief as possible.
23 y/o, INFP, female, on asentra(SSRI) So I completely lost my track. I make mistakes and looking back..I spend most of the time cleaning shit that I made and getting over difficult relationship breakups. I have no will, reason to live, I sleep a lot, devour in alchohol and sintetics because I feel like a nobody. I might have a young, beautiful female body at first glance. But I feel like nothing. This emptiness has poured into all aspects of my life and I cant distract myself any further.
SOME FACTS ABOUT ME
When I was a little girl all I ever wanted is to dance and sing. I would perform in front of people. I loved to sing and make up stories and write stories to my father. I unpologeticaly spoke my mind. I always had a great sense for helping others and having a need to do something good. I am a very loving and gentle person. Helping people helps me. I brought people together to sing. Any living creature makes my day. I absolutely hate maths. I have a strong sense of self and my own aesthetic that I stick to. I always had bad grades in school. I loved music and movement. Any other subjects were just there and I ALWAYS HAD TO FORCE MYSELF TO STUDY..my interests in most of those subject really declined in years. I danced ballet for 9 years, but I wasn't a good match for a ballet dancer(too expresive, too bold, small feet, feminine figure, a bit too cury for ballet). I tried modern jazz, jazz ballet but my self esteem during adolescence declined so much that I couldn't look myself into the mirror. I felt discouraged and disgusting. That fear of underachievement was too overwhelming. And also, in higshcool and had to study so much so I didnt have much time for dancing lessons. Even though it was the only thing that made me feel alive. But I started singing in different choirs. I loved it. But after years and two different choirs I stopped that too. My first year in college I was in choir but it took too much time. But oh it made me feel free when I sing. One of the few things in life when I feel good about myself is when I sing. But again...the weight of underachievement and fear and low self esteem. Now I am terryfied of performing in front of others. I simply freeze. I have a guitar and I sing every now and then and write songs. I have about 15 songs now because I wanted to finish my album. I still dont have a gear to finally record it and publish it. Lately I dont even feel like doing music, because I am not that good at playing guitar because I didn't go to music school. I wasted my time doing things I "had" to. I started to go to solo singing classes but were too expensive. So I decided to end this as well because my parents couldn't afford that.
BIEFLY ON MY BAD CAREER CHOICES
After highschool(4 years ago) I made poor choices about college. I decided to live in student doorms in a different city that's 1 hour away from my hometown. Already moved 7 times. So every year I have to move somewhere else, or at least I feel lost beacuse I don't know what's coming next. I still kind of live in the other city and come home every now and then. I have quite a broad social circle there, have things to do, people to meet. At home I feel isolated. but we have a beautiful house and surroundings, I have almost no expenses practicaly. First I decided to go to Analytical sociology and after a month I realized it was a mistake..I wasnt interested in any of the subjects. It was preety clear I didnt look into it at all..I was too young to know how important the decision actualy is. I didn't even have the knowledge about what is important to me, what actually suits my personality..I just made poor asumptions based on external motives. So then I dropped out of college and had to return the money for scholarship so I went to work several jobs (tea place, restaurants, night club) and also as an aupair in Irland to pay back the money. After a year, I've met a lot of people who studied biology, I went on field work with them and I really enjoyed determening species and different methods. I had one more choice I could make to apply for college(because I already quit before). So I looked into all Nature science programes and I couldn't apply for biology because I didnt score enough in graduation's final exam. So I looked into programes that were similar to biology, and I found agronomy. And thought that subjects were quite nice and seemed interesting to me. I knew that this had to be the right choice this time! Even if it's not, I will force myself into finishing at least bachelor's degree!
RELATIONSHIPS
From first grade of highschool on I've been in relationships. From one person to another. I couldn't stand being alone. Of course all those relatinships were quite tragic. In Highschool I was terrified of people abandoning me so I was extremely clingy. Low self esteem. I couldn't stand being with myself and when I broke up with them, I would just lie in bed crying. My entire life turned upside down. So I already had this terrible attachment style that would completely destroy me. And again, just half a year later I had a new relationship, just before I applied to college. We were madly in love even though I was still paranoid of being abandoned. I was also anxious about the fact that his ex was his best friend, they knew each other from high school. She was studying biology and because of his admiration of her I subconsciously adopted those interests that he admired and found fascinating. This is the part that is problematic- I wasnt stable enough to make decisions based on my own interests. I wanted to belong somewhere and to someone but also be admired. We lived together for a year. Ended with him ghosting me from his life and me being unable to cope with his decision. o I had several one night stands, drinking, drugs...I was thinking about ending my life. I didn't have a stable life and all I could do is go back home to my parents. They would moralise my bad decisions of course, but at least provide me a safe support and take care of me, listen to what I have to say. That same year my ex broke up with me I had a gap year, worked my ass off part time jobs, just to pay my rent and fuck around. I still had some exams to finish for the first year. So after half a year I decided that It was best to drop the work and go home to finish exams. So I finished exams in the summer (except one, I still haven't done) and was quite happy for almost half a year! I got over my ex(mostly) and continue with studying into the second year. I decided to start seeing a therapist. I still had some one night stands and some toxic relationships with people who had trouble commiting. But I ever felt so hungry and in constant need for something more. I met a nice person after I decided not to date. We became very good friends after I told him exactly what I am writing just now. He was the first person to really see me and decided nevertheless, to stay in my life and talk with me about it and be my friend. What is more, he is that kind of a person that put an entire mirror in front of me. I could see my actions and reasons behind all this. I could see my path is not really a choice I would make as a healthy individual. This is not what a 7 year old me would ever want. Well.. my needs acted out and we kind of decided to be together as a couple. It was not a right time, we were not compatible and I couldn't feel anything any longer. I was and still am just empty. All we did is drag each other down with over analysing every single thing. But because of that person I' ve reached the point where I did see all this lying to myself. All distractions and poor decisions that were driven by my piercing pain. And I felt from "knowing myself is easy and automatic" cliff to a deep existential crisis pit. I think that a moment I stopped lying to myself that things could work between this person and me I started to fall into the pit of nothingness. But we are good friends now..we talk regularly and he really wants to know how I am doing. He was the first person to tell me that the career I would choose Is totally different and that I'm just suffering and wasting time.
FAMILY
My brother is 7 years older. He was really a problematic teenager. Liying, stealing, skipping school. There was this weird sexual abuse between use when I was 12 or something. He didnt really love me so that was my way of plesing someone and being any good. Well now he is 30 and has a gf and he is way better and financial stable. He is doing great and he found his way of living. My mom can be a loving INFP but out of poor career choices and unhealthy family conditions is quite narcissistic. (her mom had a BPD and was very abusive so she had a parent role at a young age) Her parents were quite busy with jobs so her older sister took care of her. She hated my mom because she was too much to handle and annoying. They fought and were abusive to each other. So my mom is very quick tempered and was sometimes beating me when we were studying maths together. Calling me names and yelling at me and kicking me and pulling my hair and slapping me. I was yelling at her too. That kind of stopped in high school when I started to be a bit more individualistic. My father is very gentle and too kind. He has this overly protective and patronizing behaviour towards me. He doesnt know how to stand up for himself. A bit naive, which caused him some bad choices in his career. He was raised without a father. I always thought that he would be better off my mother, because of the toxic nature of their relationship. She is calling him names when they argue, threatening him, throwing things at him, they fought in early stages of their relationship. My father went in prison for about 2 years just when I started to go to high school (political matter) So at that time we had a strong financial crisis. My mom lost about 10 kg, was drinking in the day. Inviting "friends". It was just a weird time. She was just hopeless and impulsive. Depressed. 5 years ago my father came back and now everything is somehow ok. Financially we still kind of struggle but my parents are way better. They don't fight as much. I admire the fact that the went through such time together. So I try to be grateful, not blame anyone, take responsibilities in my actions because after all I really do live as a privileged individual. . . . . . .
So here I am, in the second year of agronomy. I maybe did 4 exams in the entire year, I would need about 30 more credits to go into a third year. I AM TIRED. Tired of my mistakes. I feel lonely even though I have people who call me and ask me how I am. I cant stand this bachelor's any more. I hate my classmates. I despise them. I feel like a live for someone else. I live in a false reality that I can't escape from anymore. I don't have a reason to wake up and I'm most likely to be obsessed with being in a relationship. So What is my next step? I can't force myself into doing those exams because It makes me miserable and I barely focus at all. I'm gonna drop uni and have a gap year again. Work somewhere to earn some money. I'm not sure if its a good idea to stay with my parents. I know they want to help me but I feel isolated and dragged into submission. All I know is that I need to rest my body a bit. Rest my mind. Look into my possibilities to study in Europe on a low budget. I really can't make a good and relaiable choice right now because I am in no position to trust myself. I hope that some of you people will actually read this and give a comment/advice/...
Everyone's sincerely,
Misterious person who doesn't feel like is safe to reveal its own name
submitted by Infp_grump to BorderlinePDisorder [link] [comments]


2020.09.01 14:16 Infp_grump I don't know where to drag myself

I'll try to be as brief as possible. 23 y/o, INFP, female, on asentra(SSRI) So I completely lost my track. I make mistakes and looking back..I spend most of the time cleaning shit that I made and getting over difficult relationship breakups. I have no will, reason to live, I sleep a lot, devour in alchohol and sintetics because I feel like a nobody. I might have a young, beautiful female body at first glance. But I feel like nothing. This emptiness has poured into all aspects of my life and I cant distract myself any further.
SOME FACTS ABOUT ME When I was a little girl all I ever wanted is to dance and sing. I would perform in front of people. I loved to sing and make up stories and write stories to my father. I unpologeticaly spoke my mind. I always had a great sense for helping others and having a need to do something good. I am a very loving and gentle person. Helping people helps me. I brought people together to sing. Any living creature makes my day. I absolutely hate maths. I have a strong sense of self and my own aesthetic that I stick to. I always had bad grades in school. I loved music and movement. Any other subjects were just there and I ALWAYS HAD TO FORCE MYSELF TO STUDY..my interests in most of those subject really declined in years. I danced ballet for 9 years, but I wasn't a good match for a ballet dancer(too expresive, too bold, small feet, feminine figure, a bit too cury for ballet). I tried modern jazz, jazz ballet but my self esteem during adolescence declined so much that I couldn't look myself into the mirror. I felt discouraged and disgusting. That fear of underachievement was too overwhelming. And also, in higshcool and had to study so much so I didnt have much time for dancing lessons. Even though it was the only thing that made me feel alive. But I started singing in different choirs. I loved it. But after years and two different choirs I stopped that too. My first year in college I was in choir but it took too much time. But oh it made me feel free when I sing. One of the few things in life when I feel good about myself is when I sing. But again...the weight of underachievement and fear and low self esteem. Now I am terryfied of performing in front of others. I simply freeze. I have a guitar and I sing every now and then and write songs. I have about 15 songs now because I wanted to finish my album. I still dont have a gear to finally record it and publish it. Lately I dont even feel like doing music, because I am not that good at playing guitar because I didn't go to music school. I wasted my time doing things I "had" to. I started to go to solo singing classes but were too expensive. So I decided to end this as well because my parents couldn't afford that.
BIEFLY ON MY BAD CAREER CHOICES
After highschool(4 years ago) I made poor choices about college. I decided to live in student doorms in a different city that's 1 hour away from my hometown. Already moved 7 times. So every year I have to move somewhere else, or at least I feel lost beacuse I don't know what's coming next. I still kind of live in the other city and come home every now and then. I have quite a broad social circle there, have things to do, people to meet. At home I feel isolated. but we have a beautiful house and surroundings, I have almost no expenses practicaly. First I decided to go to Analytical sociology and after a month I realized it was a mistake..I wasnt interested in any of the subjects. It was preety clear I didnt look into it at all..I was too young to know how important the decision actualy is. I didn't even have the knowledge about what is important to me, what actually suits my personality..I just made poor asumptions based on external motives. So then I dropped out of college and had to return the money for scholarship so I went to work several jobs (tea place, restaurants, night club) and also as an aupair in Irland to pay back the money. After a year, I've met a lot of people who studied biology, I went on field work with them and I really enjoyed determening species and different methods. I had one more choice I could make to apply for college(because I already quit before). So I looked into all Nature science programes and I couldn't apply for biology because I didnt score enough in graduation's final exam. So I looked into programes that were similar to biology, and I found agronomy. And thought that subjects were quite nice and seemed interesting to me. I knew that this had to be the right choice this time! Even if it's not, I will force myself into finishing at least bachelor's degree!
RELATIONSHIPS
From first grade of highschool on I've been in relationships. From one person to another. I couldn't stand being alone. Of course all those relatinships were quite tragic. In Highschool I was terrified of people abandoning me so I was extremely clingy. Low self esteem. I couldn't stand being with myself and when I broke up with them, I would just lie in bed crying. My entire life turned upside down. So I already had this terrible attachment style that would completely destroy me. And again, just half a year later I had a new relationship, just before I applied to college. We were madly in love even though I was still paranoid of being abandoned. I was also anxious about the fact that his ex was his best friend, they knew each other from high school. She was studying biology and because of his admiration of her I subconsciously adopted those interests that he admired and found fascinating. This is the part that is problematic- I wasnt stable enough to make decisions based on my own interests. I wanted to belong somewhere and to someone but also be admired. We lived together for a year. Ended with him ghosting me from his life and me being unable to cope with his decision. o I had several one night stands, drinking, drugs...I was thinking about ending my life. I didn't have a stable life and all I could do is go back home to my parents. They would moralise my bad decisions of course, but at least provide me a safe support and take care of me, listen to what I have to say. That same year my ex broke up with me I had a gap year, worked my ass off part time jobs, just to pay my rent and fuck around. I still had some exams to finish for the first year. So after half a year I decided that It was best to drop the work and go home to finish exams. So I finished exams in the summer (except one, I still haven't done) and was quite happy for almost half a year! I got over my ex(mostly) and continue with studying into the second year. I decided to start seeing a therapist. I still had some one night stands and some toxic relationships with people who had trouble commiting. But I ever felt so hungry and in constant need for something more. I met a nice person after I decided not to date. We became very good friends after I told him exactly what I am writing just now. He was the first person to really see me and decided nevertheless, to stay in my life and talk with me about it and be my friend. What is more, he is that kind of a person that put an entire mirror in front of me. I could see my actions and reasons behind all this. I could see my path is not really a choice I would make as a healthy individual. This is not what a 7 year old me would ever want. Well.. my needs acted out and we kind of decided to be together as a couple. It was not a right time, we were not compatible and I couldn't feel anything any longer. I was and still am just empty. All we did is drag each other down with over analysing every single thing. But because of that person I' ve reached the point where I did see all this lying to myself. All distractions and poor decisions that were driven by my piercing pain. And I felt from "knowing myself is easy and automatic" cliff to a deep existential crisis pit. I think that a moment I stopped lying to myself that things could work between this person and me I started to fall into the pit of nothingness. But we are good friends now..we talk regularly and he really wants to know how I am doing. He was the first person to tell me that the career I would choose Is totally different and that I'm just suffering and wasting time.
FAMILY My brother is 7 years older. He was really a problematic teenager. Liying, stealing, skipping school. There was this weird sexual abuse between use when I was 12 or something. He didnt really love me so that was my way of plesing someone and being any good. Well now he is 30 and has a gf and he is way better and financial stable. He is doing great and he found his way of living. My mom can be a loving INFP but out of poor career choices and unhealthy family conditions is quite narcissistic. (her mom had a BPD and was very abusive so she had a parent role at a young age) Her parents were quite busy with jobs so her older sister took care of her. She hated my mom because she was too much to handle and annoying. They fought and were abusive to each other. So my mom is very quick tempered and was sometimes beating me when we were studying maths together. Calling me names and yelling at me and kicking me and pulling my hair and slapping me. I was yelling at her too. That kind of stopped in high school when I started to be a bit more individualistic. My father is very gentle and too kind. He has this overly protective and patronizing behaviour towards me. He doesnt know how to stand up for himself. A bit naive, which caused him some bad choices in his career. He was raised without a father. I always thought that he would be better off my mother, because of the toxic nature of their relationship. She is calling him names when they argue, threatening him, throwing things at him, they fought in early stages of their relationship. My father went in prison for about 2 years just when I started to go to high school (political matter) So at that time we had a strong financial crisis. My mom lost about 10 kg, was drinking in the day. Inviting "friends". It was just a weird time. She was just hopeless and impulsive. Depressed. 5 years ago my father came back and now everything is somehow ok. Financially we still kind of struggle but my parents are way better. They don't fight as much. I admire the fact that the went through such time together. So I try to be grateful, not blame anyone, take responsibilities in my actions because after all I really do live as a privileged individual. . . . . . .
So here I am, in the second year of agronomy. I maybe did 4 exams in the entire year, I would need about 30 more credits to go into a third year. I AM TIRED. Tired of my mistakes. I feel lonely even though I have people who call me and ask me how I am. I cant stand this bachelor's any more. I hate my classmates. I despise them. I feel like a live for someone else. I live in a false reality that I can't escape from anymore. I don't have a reason to wake up and I'm most likely to be obsessed with being in a relationship. So What is my next step? I can't force myself into doing those exams because It makes me miserable and I barely focus at all. I'm gonna drop uni and have a gap year again. Work somewhere to earn some money. I'm not sure if its a good idea to stay with my parents. I know they want to help me but I feel isolated and dragged into submission. All I know is that I need to rest my body a bit. Rest my mind. Look into my possibilities to study in Europe on a low budget. I really can't make a good and relaiable choice right now because I am in no position to trust myself. I hope that some of you people will actually read this and give a comment/advice/...
Everyone's sincerely,
Misterious person who doesn't feel like is safe to reveal its own name
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2020.09.01 04:00 goodrobe Grâce à nos recherches dans ce domaine

Qu'auriez-vous aimé savoir avant de commencer à planifier votre mariage?: J'aurais aimé savoir que beaucoup de détails se mettent en place plus près de la date du mariage. J'ai essayé de tout planifier tôt, mais certaines choses devaient simplement attendre et c'était bien! Tout a fini par être parfait. 📷
📷 Où était ton mariage? Qu'avez-vous choisi pour cet espace?: Notre mariage a eu lieu à Portpatrick, en Écosse, qui est une petite ville rurale sur la côte sud-ouest de l'Écosse. Il était très important pour nous de se marier en Europe car voyager compte beaucoup pour nous. Nous avions initialement envisagé de nous enfuir à Belfast, en Irlande du Nord robes grande tailles, puisque la famille de Danny vient de là. Grâce à nos recherches dans ce domaine robes de bal courtes, nous avons trouvé le domaine Dunskey. C'était tellement intime et unique que nous savions que c'était l'endroit idéal pour nous.
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2020.06.08 15:48 adventures_in_dysl The Swedish slave trade.

I have heard people claim that Sweden did not participate in the slave trade. Do you get taught this in school? Do you also get taught the true extent of your colonial history?
Sweden had treaties with England[4][5] and France[6] concerning slave trade, with Swedish vessels involved in the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Between 1784 and 1878, the country held minor colonies in the Caribbean. The Swedish colony of Saint Barthélemy functioned as a duty-free port and became a major center for the Caribbean slave trade. Slaves were brought in tax free by foreign vessels and the Swedish king made a profit by collecting an export tax when slaves were shipped out. Sweden was also a major supplier of iron chains used in the slave trade.[7]
In 1847, slavery was abolished in all parts of Sweden, including the colonies, on the basis of a decision taken in 1846.[8] Slavery was ruled in Saint-Barthélemy under the Ordinance concerning the Police of Slaves and free Coloured People[9] dated 30 July 1787, original[10] in French dated 30 June 1787. The last legally owned slaves in the Swedish colony of Saint-Barthélemy were bought free by the state on October 9, 1847.
Sources 4 Traité d'Alliance Entre Sa Majesté Le Roi de Suède et Sa Majesté Le Roi du Royaume Uni de la Grande Bretagne et de l'Irlande (1813). [Source: 'Mémoire St Barth', Saint-Barthélemy. URL : http://www.memoirestbarth.com/st-barts/traite-negriere/archives-legislation]. (in french)
Traité, Pour la répression de la Traite des Noirs, entre Sa Majesté le Roi de Suède et de Norvège d'une part, et Sa Majesté le Roi du Royaume uni de la Grande Bretagne et de l'Irlande de l'autre (1824). [Source: 'Mémoire St Barth', Saint-Barthélemy. URL : http://www.memoirestbarth.com/st-barts/traite-negriere/archives-legislation]. (in french)
Traité pour la répression de la Traite des Noirs entre Sa Majesté le Roi de Suède et de Norvège et Sa Majesté le Roi des Français (1836). [Source: 'Mémoire St Barth', Saint-Barthélemy. URL : http://www.memoirestbarth.com/st-barts/traite-negriere/archives-legislation]. (in french)
Integrations- och jämställdhetsdepartementet. Dir.2007:114, Kommittédirektiv: Tilläggsdirektiv till Delegationen för mänskliga rättigheter i Sverige (Ju 2006:02), s. 2. In Swedish.
Cobb, Thomas Read Rootes. An Inquiry Into the Law of Negro Slavery in the United States of America To which is Prefixed An Historical Sketch of Slavery, 1858. Page cxcii.
Ordinance concerning the Police of Slaves and free Coloured People (Swedish «Black Code»). Source: 'Comité de Liaison et d'Application des Sources Historiques', Saint-Barthélemy.
Le « Code Noir » suédois de Saint-Barthélemy. Source: 'Comité de Liaison et d'Application des Sources Historiques', Saint-Barthélemy.
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2020.03.02 11:18 Baltron Utilisation des listes électorales par le RN pour envoyer leurs tracts

Salut,
Pour vous poser le décor, j'ai vécu en Grande Bretagne pendant un an. Du fait des présidentielles, je m'étais inscrit sur la listes électorale consulaire. Aujourd'hui, je reçois le mail suivant :
De : Rassemblement National Irlande [email protected] Date: lun. 2 mars 2020 à 08:34 Subject: AU ROYAUME-UNI LES GANGS DE VIOLEURS PAKISTANAIS ONT FAIT AU MOINS 19.000 VICTIMES EN 2019
Cher(e) compatriote du Royaume-Uni, Le Royaume-Uni démantèle petit à petit, depuis une dizaine d’années, de nombreux réseaux de violeurs en série quiexploitent et prostituent des enfants. Le rapport officiel de 2019 (Department of Education, characteristics of children in need) , publié fin décembre, est glaçant : au moins19.000 victimes en un an. Le nombre total depuis le début des années 2000 est inconnu mais se chiffre probablementen dizaines de milliers.Dans le cas des viols de Rochdale (banlieue de Manchester), la police avait de solides éléments dès 2008. Pourtant,l’affaire n’a éclaté qu’en 2011. L’origine ethnique des coupables et des victimes, presque exclusivement desmusulmans d’origine pakistanaise s’en prenant à des fillettes européennes, a poussé les autorités à ne pasenquêter : elles craignaient d’être accusées de racisme ! Comme en France, l’immigration massive associée aupolitiquement correct met nos concitoyens et avant tout nos enfants en danger. Rejoignez le Rassemblement National au Royaume-uni sur notre site internet www rn-uk point fr ! Vous recevez ce message car vous êtes inscrit(e) sur la liste électorale consulaire 2016 de la 3ème circonscription d'Europe du Nord, conformément à l’article 6 du décret n°2005-1613 du 22 décembre 2005. Si vous ne souhaitez plus recevoir de message de notre part, vous pouvez vous désinscrire en vous rendant a l'adresse www. rn-uk .fr / unsub et en entrant votre adresse: (...).
Bon, déjà, je suis choqué. Depuis plus de 3 ans que je suis sur les listes, je n'ai jamais reçu de mails de partis politiques. Imaginez si on faisait pareil avec les listes électorales métropolitaines, ça gueulerait un peu non ? Bon, je passe au delà de mon envie de vomir devant cette propagande fasciste et je vais pour me désinscrire. Premier point, notez comment le "lien" pour se désinscrire n'en est pas un. Ils ont laissés des espaces dans le lien histoire qu'on ne puisse pas cliquer directement dessus. On est obligé de le copiecoller dans la barre d'adresse et de retirer manuellement les espaces. Bon passons... J'arrive sur le site du RN, je clique pour me désinscrire, renseigne mon adresse mail, et là, je tombe sur une page qui illustre toute la subtilité de tractopelle ivre du RN. https://imgur.com/a/xnMZwVS
Maintenant, la question : est-ce légal ? A-t-on le droit d'utiliser les listes électorales pour récupérer des addresses mail pour faire du démarchage ?
Au passage, oui, je ne suis pas un grand fan du RN (ça pouvait se voir avec mon flair, mon image de profil ou la liste de mes souscription aussi...), mais ma question reste légitime meme si vous ne partagez pas mon dégoût devant le contenu du mail.
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2019.10.13 18:03 ontologiste « Un peu » — Le drame du Québec

Par Robert McKenzie dans Notre indépendance : 28 Québécois s’expriment
J’ai eu beaucoup de difficultés à écrire ce petit texte, car il m’a contraint à dire des choses désagréables sur le Québec. Pourtant, j’aime inconditionnellement cette terre qui m’a accueilli en 1956, à l’âge de vingt-deux ans, pays de presque toute ma vie d’adulte. Même si je me considérerai toujours comme un « immigrant » — et non pas comme un « immigré », statut trop définitif — je suis fier d’avoir été accepté au sein de ce peuple francophone et de dire que mes enfants en font partie.
Depuis plusieurs années, un ami me taraude pour que j’écrive un livre, en anglais, qui expliquerait pourquoi le mouvement indépendantiste québécois a échoué malgré les arguments quasi naturels qui militent en sa faveur. Je n’ai pas pu le faire, car je crois le contraire. Éternel optimiste, je suis convaincu qu’on y arrivera, même s’il faut admettre que les changements démographiques et linguistiques des cinquante dernières années rendent plus ardu le chemin à suivre.
Cela me paraissait beaucoup plus clair en cet après-midi de 1957, rue Sainte-Catherine à Montréal, lors d’une balade avec un ami qui entra dans le magasin Ogilvy’s pour acheter des chaussettes. On devine suite : « I'm sorry, I don't speak French ». Sans montrer d’impatience, il conclut la transaction en anglais. Quelques minutes plus tôt, c’était le même scénario dans un café de la chaîne Murray’s.
« — Ça te met pas en furie? lui demandai-je. — Un peu. — Vous autres, les Canadiens français, pourquoi acceptez-vous ça? — On veut pas de trouble. »
Il faut dire que ma première année au Québec m’avait habitué à ce genre de réponse. Francophile, j’avais vécu à l’Institut français d’Écosse, maison culturelle française, pendant mes trois années d’études à l’Université d’Édimbourg, puis une année en Algérie, avant de débarquer au centre-ville de Montréal, pensant naïvement me retrouver dans un milieu francophone. Les premiers mois, je vivais rue Stanley, et c’est plutôt mon vocabulaire anglais qui s’est enrichi d’une série de mots commençant par « sch » : schlock, schmaltz, schlep, schiemiel, schmuck, schlong, schemo zle, schmatte, schtick. Ça, c’était le soir.
Le jour, je faisais du porte-à-porte en vendant des bibles de langue française. Là, en échangeant avec des gens qui me faisaient entrer très chaleureusement dans leur maison à Valleyfield, Saint-Lambert, Victoriaville, je faisais l’apprentissage non pas d’un vocabulaire mais — comment dire? — d’une pensée de soumission toute nouvelle pour moi. Pas seulement de « né pour un petit pain », devenu un cliché avec les années, mais des expressions qui émaillent le parler québécois encore aujourd’hui. Des expressions qui sapent le désir de changement, qui alimentent la résignation, qui signalent d’avance la reddition. « Il ne faut pas juger... Il faut accepter... Courbe le dos... Fais-toi petit... On n’a jamais manqué de rien... » D’autres expressions ont le même effet corrosif : « Se prendre pour un autre... Partir en peur... Il faut ce qu’il faut… Prendre son trou... » Le pire, évidemment, c’est « un peu », expression utilisée de façon obsessive à cette époque-là, et encore aujourd’hui, pour amortir, diluer, vider quasiment de son sens toute pensée jugée trop tranchée, trop radicale, trop claire, l’ultime défaut. On l’entend, utilisée inconsciemment, partout autour de nous : « Un peu estomaqué... Un peu choqué... Un peu éberlué... Un peu en maudit... Un peu, un peu, un peu. »
Mes proches disent que c’est l’Écossais presbytérien en moi qui parle. En partie, oui. Lorsque j’étais étudiant, en Écosse, certains réflexes de colonisé de mes compatriotes m’horripilaient. Mais ils ne prenaient pas la même forme, et c’est là un autre sujet. Tenir l’Église catholique romaine pour la seule responsable de ces atermoiements instinctifs de beaucoup de Québécois? Je ne pense pas. Après tout, les mêmes causes n’ont pas produit les mêmes effets en Irlande ou en Espagne. Il faut aussi tenir compte, je crois, des effets dévastateurs d’une défaite militaire sur la personnalité collective d’un peuple, effets qui peuvent durer des siècles. Même chose en Écosse. Même en France, on en voit des marques, plus insidieuses. Je pense évidemment à l’Occupation. Vivre en vaincu, en soumis, en colonisé — appelez cela comme vous le voulez — laisse des traces, et pour longtemps. On s’amuse des affirmations par la négative dans le parler québécois : « Pas pire... Elle est pas laide... C’est pas de refus... Je dis pas non... Il est pas gêné... » C’est sympathique, mais je retiens qu’au Québec il vaut mieux parfois avancer à reculons. Traverserons-nous un jour la ligne d’arrivée de l’indépendance à toute vitesse, les deux mains sur volant, en marche arrière?
Pourquoi livrer ici ces impressions, qui sont décourageantes? Parce que je sais que les Québécois sont capables de se sortir de ce magma gélatineux. Je nuance : capables lorsque surviennent certains rares moments privilégiés où les circonstances — un revers particulièrement humiliant, un affront plus cinglant que d’habitude, l’insulte que l’on ne peut plus laisser passer — les poussent à réagir. Cela aurait pu se produire après le rejet de l’Accord du lac Meech ou lorsque René Lévesque a découvert, mais n’a pas dénoncé publiquement, les étranges fréquentations rémunérées de son lieutenant Claude Morin avec la GRC.
J’ai passé presque toute ma vie à écrire sur la politique québécoise, et sur la vie au Québec, pour un public du Canada anglais. J’aurais été plus utile si j’avais eu la possibilité d’écrire sur le Canada anglais pour des lecteurs du Québec. Je n’ai jamais vécu au Canada anglais, mais je l’ai connu « par osmose » à travers le grand quotidien torontois pour lequel je travaillais. Je suis convaincu que le Québec serait indépendant depuis longtemps si les Québécois avaient la moindre idée de l’indifférence — quand ce n’est pas le pur mépris — que l’on nourrit à leur égard. J’ai connu des types formidables parmi les journalistes de l’extérieur du Québec que j’ai côtoyés pendant des années. Mais, comme pour tout journaliste qui travaille ici pour un média établi ailleurs au Canada, j’ai dû résister constamment à leur goût pour le Québec-bashing. Dans les années 1960, mes patrons au Toronto Star espéraient voir confirmés dans mes articles leurs préjugés sur la « priest-ridden province » et « Montreal, crime capital of Canada ». Plus tard, on flairait les supposés penchants des chefs indépendantistes et la persécution de la pauvre minorité anglophone menacée. De l’époque où nous dictions au téléphone nos articles de dernière heure, j’entends encore la voix du rewrite man qui retranscrivait mon reportage sur un discours de Marcel Masse : « Fucking frog, fucking frog. » Tout cela est sciemment maquillé par Radio-Canada, seul grand média qui prétend faire le pont entre ces deux grandes solitudes, un cliché, celui-là, aussi vrai qu’au moment où Hugh Maclennan l’a écrit dans les années 1940. Dans les sujets abordés quotidiennement à propos des « Britanno-Colombiens » et du « Nouveau-Bronze-wik », on évite pudiquement de parler de l’attitude des Canadiens anglais envers les francophones et les Québécois en particulier. Seules les pires extravagances de Don Cherry et des orangistes de Brockville arrivent à percer ce très discret rideau de velours.
D’une génération à l’autre, il vient un moment où les Québécois francophones surmontent cette prudence étouffante. Qui se souvient que Camillien Houde, maire de Montréal, fut emprisonné à cause de son refus d’obtempérer lors de la crise de la conscription en 1942? Combien de jeunes aujourd’hui peuvent mesurer le courage des fondateurs du RIN en 1960-61 alors que personne ne savait s’ils ne seraient pas accusés de sédition et emprisonnés, comme l’a d’ailleurs été Michel Chartrand lors de la crise d’Octobre, dix ans plus tard?
Parmi ceux qui ont exercé le pouvoir depuis cette époque, Jacques Parizeau aura été l’incarnation de ce courage « à visière levée ». René Lévesque, malgré les immenses services qu’il a rendus au Québec, aura trop souvent représenté cet autre courant de valse-hésitation, avance-recule. L’insoumis du Parti libéral de 1960, le réformateur intrépide du Parti québécois de 1976 s’est mué, avant la fin de sa carrière, en apologiste du « beau risque » d’un Canada renouvelé.
On doit beaucoup à René Lévesque, mais ne sert ni la vérité historique ni les chances du Québec dans l’avenir en le décrivant comme un « libérateur de peuple », comme on l’a fait sur sa pierre tombale. Il n’a libéré personne. Sur la question de l’indépendance, c’était un monument d’indécision. Sa bouche disait « Oui », mais son visage disait « Peut-être » et son corps disait « Non ». Pendant plus de trois ans au pouvoir, de 1976 à 1979, il a en grande partie délégué à d’autres la promotion du projet. Aux journalistes qui l’interrogeaient sur le référendum promis, il réagissait avec agacement. À ses ministres, il disait : « Morin s’en occupe. » De son vivant, après la défaite référendaire de 1980, il a mis la quête d’indépendance au placard, ce que des adversaires ne manqueront pas de démontrer en temps voulu. « Souveraineté-association » était l’expression même des hésitations et ambiguïtés personnelles de Lévesque. Souveraineté-un-peu-association. Cela nous a donné la question tordue du référendum de 1980 et l’argumentation à reculons à laquelle les forces du « Oui » ont été condamnées. J’entends encore le regretté Gérald Godin, poussé dans ses derniers retranchements lors d’un débat télévisé : « Tout ce qu’on demande, c’est un mandat pour s’asseoir. » Jacques Parizeau, qui avait comparé de pareilles contorsions à un « plat de spaghettis », a bien essayé, en revenant au pouvoir en 1994, de dessiner une ligne droite menant à la souveraineté. Se souvient-on de la question qu’il voulait poser : « Voulez-vous que le Québec devienne un pays indépendant en date du...? » Malheureusement, la nécessité de satisfaire de nouveaux alliés, par suite du résultat mitigé du vote en 1994, l’a amené à accepter — probablement à son corps défendant — une autre question filandreuse au référendum de 1995. Ce genre de potage indéfinissable est donc une réalité politique québécoise. Cessons de rêver à la clarté, alors que le batelier québécois avance avec le plus de confiance sous le couvert de la brume.
Le fait que le nationalisme a été un puissant moteur de progrès dans presque tous les domaines, sans pour autant qu’on arrive à son aboutissement naturel, l’émergence d’un pays indépendant, n’est pas le moindre paradoxe du Québec. Tous les grands projets au Québec depuis 1960 — nationalisation de l’électricité, création de la Caisse de dépôt, loi 101 pour la survie du français, protection des terres agricole, mesures pour stimuler la montée d’un entrepreneuriat francophone — avaient une couleur nationaliste. Tout le long de ce parcours, il y a toujours eu des voix pour dire qu’on allait « un peu trop loin ». J’entends encore le docteur Irénée Lapierre, élu président de la Fédération libérale du Québec, au milieu des années 1960, par l’aile conservatrice du parti qui cherchait à ralentir la Révolution tranquille, déclarer d’un air satisfait : « Je pense que j’ai été mis là, un peu, pour mettre les freins. »
Il y a aussi les voies d’évitement dont les Québécois font une spécialité. Souvenez-vous de ces débats interminables sur « un projet de société » auxquels nous avons été astreints avant que ne puisse se tenir le référendum de 1995. Un exemple de cette impuissance m’est resté gravé dans la mémoire : une discussion sans fin, lors d’une réunion à Saint-Romuald, près de Québec, sur la nécessité d’implanter plus de pistes cyclables à travers le Québec. Droits des minorités, des femmes, des gais, des aînés, des handicapés, des jeunes : tout y passait comme si on ne pouvait pas se faire confiance pour avoir un pays, en dehors du bienfaisant parapluie canadien, sans répéter dans le moindre détail à quel point il serait démocratique. Demain, il y aura d’autres diversions pour ceux qui en raffolent : élections à date fixe, introduction d’un système électoral à représentation proportionnelle, quelque autre bidule auquel on pourra accoler le nouvel adjectif à la mode : « citoyen ». Ce n’est pas que les causes ainsi défendues soient toujours dénuées d’intérêt ou de valeur. Mais si on voulait détourner les gens de la question fondamentale de l’avenir du Québec, on ne s’y prendrait pas autrement. Dans quelle mesure, depuis cinquante ans au Québec, des gauchistes de salon, des chevaliers du communautaire, des promoteurs de causes « citoyennes », des syndicalistes retraités à la bonne conscience tonitruante, des universitaires en mal de visibilité télévisuelle ont-ils (et elles, hélas) retardé, confisqué, détourné, fait dérailler le mouvement visant à faire du Québec un pays indépendant? La question se pose.
Les Québécois ont-ils un vouloir-vivre collectif? À l’instant où j’écris ces lignes, c’est toujours « le confort et l’indifférence » qui prévalent. Cela peut-il changer? Oui, face à une provocation grave, probable dans le climat actuel, venant du Canada anglais ou d’un danger pour leur avenir dont les Québécois deviendront convaincus. Cela sera peut-être un ensemble d’éléments perçus comme hostiles au Québec et jugés inacceptables par la majorité des Québécois, comme on en voit s’accumuler maintenant sous le gouvernement actuel : recul du français dans les services fédéraux, atteintes à la vie privée résultant de lois fédérales, évolution vers une société dans laquelle les Québécois ne se reconnaissent pas dans de multiples domaines (armes à feu, jeunes contrevenants, loi et ordre, environnement...). Il faudrait à ce moment-là avoir à Québec un gouvernement prêt à tirer la conclusion qui s’impose.
L’ami dont je parlais au début de ce texte m’avait longuement entretenu sur la prudence des Canadiens français et la longue patience qui leur avait permis de survivre à la défaite militaire et à l’occupation. Hésiter pouvait être une grande qualité, disait-il, évoquant « le drame terrible du choix » d’André Gide. Aujourd’hui, je répondrais que le drame des Québécois francophones ne porte plus sur « quoi » choisir, mais simplement sur le fait de se résoudre à choisir tout court. C’est UN PEU ce que je pense.
Post-scriptum — Ce texte a été écrit avant la crise étudiante du printemps 2012. Voilà une nouvelle génération de Québécois apparemment libérés des « tataouinages » du passé. Cela nous donne beaucoup d’espoir pour l’avenir.
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2019.07.09 16:09 Mlow159 rugby en direct état d'origine en direct état d'origine en direct état d'état en direct état d'origine en direct flux en direct gratuit état d'origine en direct mises à jour état d'origine en direct

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2018.10.25 16:44 maction_is_my_jam Week 9 Match-up Preview Thread: Ball State Cardinals @ Ohio Bobcats

Week 9 Match-up Preview Thread: Ball State Cardinals @ Ohio Bobcats
Ball State @ Ohio
When: Thursday, October, 25th, 7:00 PM Eastern
Where: Peden Stadium, Athens, OH
Watch: CBS Sports Network
Odds: Ohio by 11 pts.
Total Points: 65
All-Time Series
Ball State and Ohio have met 24 times since 9/20/1975.
These teams last met 1,073 days (~3 years) ago on 11/17/2015.
Series Record: Ball State 15 - 0 - 9 Ohio
Current Win Streak 1 Ohio (2015)
Team Largest MOV Longest Win Streak
Ball State 52-27 (2012) 8 (1989-1996)
Ohio 34-7 (1982) 3 (1999-2009)
The Last 5 Meeting(s)
Winner Date Location Ball State Ohio Notes
Ohio 11/17/2015 Athens, OH 31 48
Ball State 11/14/2012 Muncie, IN 52 27
Ball State 10/15/2011 Athens, OH 23 20
Ohio 10/31/2009 Muncie, IN 17 20
Ohio 10/22/2005 Athens, OH 21 38
Series Comparison Data via Winsipedia
Through Week 8
Week Ball State 3-5(2-2) Result Ohio 4-3(2-1) Result
1 CCSU 4-4(2-1) W 42-6 Howard 3-3(3-1) W 38-32
2 Notre Dame#3 7-0(0-0) L 16-24 BYE N/A
3 Indiana 4-4(1-4) L 10-38 Virginia 5-2(3-1) L 31-45
4 WKU 1-6(0-3) L 20-28 Cincinnati 6-1(2-1) L 30-34
5 Kent State 1-7(0-4) W 52-24 UMass 2-6(0-0) W 58-42
6 Northern Illinois 4-3(4-0) L 16-24 Kent State 1-7(0-4) W 27-26
7 Central Michigan 1-7(0-4) W 24-23 Northern Illinois 4-3(4-0) L 21-24
8 Eastern Michigan 4-4(2-3) L 20-42 Bowling Green 1-7(0-4) W 49-14
All rankings reflect the current /cfb poll
Ball State Injury Report
Last updated: October 25, 2018
Player Position Status Type Notes
Mitch Larsen S Out Shoulder Larsen has missed been sidelined by a shoulder injury and it is unknown when he will return to action.
Lamar Anderson CB Out Shoulder Anderson has been sidelined by an injured shoulder and it is unknown when he will return to the field.
Alex Joss OL Out Knee Joss has a torn ACL and will miss the remainder of the 2018 season.
Kaleb Slaven OL Questionable Foot Slaven has missed the last four games dealing with a foot injury and it is unknown if he will suit up Thursday against Ohio.
Caleb Huntley RB Questionable Achilles Huntley has missed the last two games with an Achilles injury and it is unclear if he will play Thursday against Ohio.
Injury data lifted from: sports-reference.com
Ohio Injury Report
Last updated: October 25, 2018
Player Position Status Type Notes
Elijah Ball WR Out Knee Ball suffered a non-contact knee injury and has been shut down for the remainder of the season.
Tyler Tupa S/WR Out Knee Tupa is suffering from a knee injury and is expected to miss the remainder of the 2018 season.
Cole Irland OL Out Foot Irland has a foot injury and is expected to miss the remainder of the 2018 season.
Amir Miller DL Out Knee Miller has a knee injury and is expected to miss the remainder of the 2018 season.
Jerome Buckner WR Questionable Concussion Buckner has missed the last two games with concussion-like symptoms and it is unclear if he will participate Thursday against Ball State.
Jalen Fox CB Questionable Undisclosed Fox missed the last game for undisclosed reasons and it is unclear if he will play Thursday against Ball State.
Dylan Connor LB Questionable Arm Connor missed the last game with an arm injury and it is unknown if he will be available Thursday against Ball State.
Noah Hoffman TE Questionable Undisclosed Hoffman has missed the last two games for undisclosed reasons and his status for Thursday against Ball State is unknown.
Justin Birchette CB Questionable Undisclosed Birchette has missed the last two games dealing with an unspecified ailment and it is unclear if he will play Thursday against Ball State.
Juan Watkins DL Questionable Undisclosed Watkins has missed the last two games battling an undefined injury and it is unknown if he will line up Thursday against Ball State.
Injury data lifted from: sports-reference.com
What are your "Keys to the Game"?
Who do you think wins?
Do you think the favorite will cover the spread?
Which player(s) are you most interested to watch?
Let's talk football!

New in 2018! Automated "Who Will Win?" Polls!

To cast your vote simply include the name of the team you think will win enclosed by {} as part of your TOP LEVEL comment (i.e. a post reply as opposed to a reply to an existing comment). For example {Ball State}. You need not create a specific comment just to vote. Simply include your vote in line during your post discussing the match-up or include it at the end of your comment. If another poster manages to change your mind with their detailed points and emphatic discussion simply edit your original comment accordingly. You can change your vote as often as you like until the GAME THREAD is posted. Each user only get's a single vote per match-up, so if you make multiple {Vote} comments the system will record whichever it reads last; if you cast multiple {Votes} in the same comment the system will only consider the first {Vote}.
A full listing of accepted FBS team aliases can be found here.. For FCS teams you will need to use the full name as it appears in the post title.
Rivalrybot will be along shortly to make a comment with the results as well as update the results every couple of minutes and will comment in the eventual game thread with the final results.
A listing of links, and live vote totals, to all Match-up Preview threads for the current week can be found HERE.
Like this format? Generate your own "Match-up Discussion Thread" with the Match-up Discussion Thread Generator. Please DM dupreesdiamond with any issues/suggestions regarding this template
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2018.10.17 18:54 Goldie46 Week 8 Match-up Preview Thread: Bowling Green Falcons @ Ohio Bobcats

Bowling Green @ Ohio
When: Saturday, October, 20th, 2:00 PM Eastern
Where: Peden Stadium, Athens, Ohio
Watch: ESPN3
Odds: Ohio by 17 pts.
Total Points: 69
All-Time Series
Bowling Green and Ohio have met 69 times since 9/29/1945.
These teams last met 368 days ago on 10/14/2017.
Series Record: Bowling Green 40 - 2 - 27 Ohio
Current Win Streak 2 Ohio (2016-2017)
Team Largest MOV Longest Win Streak
Bowling Green 72-21 (2002) 8 (1982-1989)
Ohio 38-0 (1996) 4 (1951-1954)
The Last 5 Meeting(s)
Winner Date Location Bowling Green Ohio Notes
Ohio 10/14/2017 Bowling Green, OH 30 48
Ohio 10/8/2016 Athens, OH 24 30
Bowling Green 11/4/2015 Bowling Green, OH 62 24
Bowling Green 10/11/2014 Athens, OH 31 13
Bowling Green 11/12/2013 Bowling Green, OH 49 0
Series Comparison Data via Winsipedia
Through Week 7
Week Bowling Green 1-6(0-3) Result Ohio 3-3(1-1) Result
1 Oregon#12 5-1(2-1) L 24-58 Howard 2-3(2-1) W 38-32
2 Maryland 4-2(2-1) L 14-45 BYE N/A
3 Eastern Kentucky 3-3(2-1) W 42-35 Virginia 4-2(2-1) L 31-45
4 Miami (OH) 3-4(3-1) L 23-38 Cincinnati#20 6-0(2-0) L 30-34
5 Georgia Tech 3-4(1-3) L 17-63 UMass 2-5(0-0) W 58-42
6 Toledo 3-3(1-1) L 36-52 Kent State 1-6(0-3) W 27-26
7 Western Michigan 5-2(3-0) L 35-42 Northern Illinois 4-3(4-0) L 21-24
All rankings reflect the current /cfb poll
Bowling Green Injury Report
Last updated: October 16, 2018
Player Position Status Type Notes
Caleb Bright OL Out Heart Bright has been hospitalized with a heart-related issue. There is no timetable established for his return.
Presley Motes TE Out Leg Motes is out indefinitely while he is dealing with a leg injury.
Julian Ortega-Jones WR Out Knee Ortega-Jones will miss the rest of the season after suffering a torn ACL.
Hassan Belton LB Out Knee Belton is sidelined with a knee injury. There is no timetable set for his return.
Deric Phouthavong WR Out Knee Phouthavong is expected to miss the remainder of the season due to a torn MCL.
David Konowalski DL Out Achilles Konowalski has suffered a torn Achilles tendon and is not expected to play during the 2018 season.
Ben Hale DB Questionable Concussion Hale has missed the last four games with concussion-like symptoms and it is unknown if he will suit up Saturday against Ohio.
Andrew Clair RB Questionable Ankle Clair has an ankle injury and it is unclear if he will play Saturday against Ohio.
Eldridge Salguero LB Questionable Undisclosed Saslguero is dealing with an unspecified injury and it is unknown if he will suit up against Ohio on Saturday.
Injury data lifted from: sports-reference.com
Ohio Injury Report
Last updated: October 16, 2018
Player Position Status Type Notes
Amir Miller DL Out Knee Miller has a knee injury and is expected to miss the remainder of the 2018 season.
Tyler Tupa S/WR Out Knee Tupa is suffering from a knee injury and is expected to miss the remainder of the 2018 season.
Elijah Ball WR Out Knee Ball suffered a non-contact knee injury and has been shut down for the remainder of the season.
Cole Irland OL Out Foot Irland has a foot injury and is expected to miss the remainder of the 2018 season.
Cameron Gunnels CB Questionable Undisclosed Gunnels missed the last game for undisclosed reasons and it is unclear if he will play Saturday against Bowling Green.
Justin Birchette CB Questionable Undisclosed Birchette missed the last game dealing with an unspecified ailment and it is unclear if he will play Saturday against Bowling Green.
Juan Watkins DL Questionable Undisclosed Watkins missed the last game battling an undefined injury and it is unknown if he will line up against Bowling Green on Saturday.
A.J. Ouellette RB Questionable Undisclosed Ouellette is tending to an unspecified injury, leaving his availability hazy for Saturday's tilt against Bowling Green.
Jerome Buckner WR Questionable Concussion Buckner missed the last game with concussion-like symptoms and it is unclear if he will participate in Saturday's clash against Bowling Green.
Xavior Motley CB Questionable Undisclosed Motley missed the last game with an unspecified injury and it is unclear if he will be available against Bowling Green on Saturday.
Jalen Fox CB Questionable Undisclosed Fox has an undefined injury and it is unclear if he will play against Bowling Green on Saturday.
Noah Hoffman TE Questionable Undisclosed Hoffman missed the last game for undisclosed reasons and his status for Saturday's matchup against Bowling Green is unknown.
Marques Grimes OL Questionable Undisclosed Grimes missed the last game for undisclosed reasons and it is unknown if he will participate in Saturday's contest against Bowling Green.
Injury data lifted from: sports-reference.com
What are your "Keys to the Game"?
Who do you think wins?
Do you think the favorite will cover the spread?
Which player(s) are you most interested to watch?
Let's talk football!

New in 2018! Automated "Who Will Win?" Polls!

To cast your vote simply include the name of the team you think will win enclosed by {} as part of your TOP LEVEL comment (i.e. a post reply as opposed to a reply to an existing comment). For example {Bowling Green}. You need not create a specific comment just to vote. Simply include your vote in line during your post discussing the match-up or include it at the end of your comment. If another poster manages to change your mind with their detailed points and emphatic discussion simply edit your original comment accordingly. You can change your vote as often as you like until the GAME THREAD is posted. Each user only get's a single vote per match-up, so if you make multiple {Vote} comments the system will record whichever it reads last; if you cast multiple {Votes} in the same comment the system will only consider the first {Vote}.
A full listing of accepted FBS team aliases can be found here.. For FCS teams you will need to use the full name as it appears in the post title.
Rivalrybot will be along shortly to make a comment with the results as well as update the results every couple of minutes and will comment in the eventual game thread with the final results.
A listing of links, and live vote totals, to all Match-up Preview threads for the current week can be found HERE.
Like this format? Generate your own "Match-up Discussion Thread" with the Match-up Discussion Thread Generator. Please DM dupreesdiamond with any issues/suggestions regarding this template
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2018.06.09 21:05 LeJobber Match Thread: France - USA (09/06/2018 - Amical)

France - USA

   
Bilan des confrontations de la France contre les USA
Rencontres Victoires Nuls Défaites Buts pour Buts contre Différence
3 3 0 0 10 0 +10

Score final

FRA 1 - 1 USA.

Edit: incruste de l'Irlande
submitted by LeJobber to Ligue1 [link] [comments]


2018.05.28 20:45 LeJobber Match Thread: France - Irlande (28/05/2018 - Amical)

France - République d'Irlande

   
Bilan des confrontations de la France contre l'Irlande
Rencontres Victoires Nuls Défaites Buts pour Buts contre Différence
16 7 5 4 20 15 +5

La phrase de la soirée

Amical pluvieux, mondial heureux - Grégoire Margotton

Score final

FRA 2 - 0 IRL

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2017.03.22 05:20 Renaudtrave Forum voyage Birmanie : les us et coutumes

La Birmanie est considérée comme une belle fille endormie car le pays a fermé sa porte pendant une longue période. Pourtant, son charme authentique et sa riche culture historique font rêver les touristes. Faire un voyage Birmanie, c’est une occasion exceptionnelle pour découvrir les traditions et coutumes birmanes à la fois étranges et fascinantes. À travers ce forum voyage birmanie, nous vous donnerons quelques infos très pratiques sur la culture birmane.
Forum voyage Birmanie : Nom
Au Myanmar, les gens n’ont pas de nom de famille. En effet, les enfants vont porter un nom de la date de la naissance qui a une signification spéciale dans l’astrologie chinoise. Tous les jours de la semaine portent une mascotte. Il existe aussi des noms saugrenus qui sont souvent données aux nouveau-nés pour faire fuir les esprits du berceau, mais les enfants ont ensuite la possibilité de s’en débarrasser.
Selon les statistiques, les Birmans n’utilisent généralement pas plus de 100 lettres pour les noms. Ces lettres sont combinées ensemble pour inventer des noms faciles à appeler, donc il y a beaucoup de gens au Myanmar qui portent le même nom. Pour aider à les identifier, généralement avant ou après le nom, on ajoute encore des bureaux, des professions et des postes. C’est une caractéristique intéressante de la culture birmane.
Forum voyage Birmanie : Mariage et funérailles
Si vous faites un voyage Birmanie, vous verrez que les mariages ici sont assez compliqués. Les deux familles du couple doivent choisir un officier du gouvernement ou un homme d’affaires (avec succès, heureux, avoir de fils et filles) pour enrouler une couronne de fleurs autour du cou du marié et de la mariée durant le mariage pour apporter de la chance au couple. Il leur mettra des anneaux de mariage en leur souhaitant une vie fidèle éternelle. Ensuite, le président de la cérémonie va présenter des biographies de la mariée et du marié aux invités.
En fonction de leur condition financière, le couple va choisir une fête de mariage salé ou sucré, mais il va nécessairement y avoir de la musique traditionnelle. La plupart des invités vont offrir des cadeaux au couple, mais d’autres vont donner l’argent. Les cadeaux de mariage seront exposés dans un emplacement central pour mettre en valeur l'élégance du mariage. Si les invités donnent de l'argent, il faut multiplier cette somme par 100.
forum-voyage-birmanie-1(Photo: Internet - mariage en birmanie - forum voyage birmanie)
En Birmanie, le mariage monogame s’applique strictement. Pourtant, l’Etat ne limite pas le nombre d'enfants par famille. Le taux de mariage au Myanmar est le plus faible des pays de la zone Asie du Sud-Est. Les femmes du Myanmar ont les mêmes droits que les hommes dans la société (à l'exception du secteur religieux) et sont souvent «prioritaires» sur la propriété lorsque le couple divorce.
Les préparations et organisations pour les funérailles en Birmanie sont simples. Les hôtes invitent des moines à chanter pour la transcendance de l'âme défunte, puis l'incinération a lieu. Les invités arrivant aux funérailles ne contribuent pas avec de l'argent mais déposent des objets symboliques de la cérémonie (vêtements, ustensiles pour les moines) pour que les hôtes puissent faire des offrandes au temple. Selon la coutume birmane, le peuple n'a pas l'habitude d'enterrer les morts mais de les incinérer, donc au Myanmar, il n’y a presque pas de cimetières chrétiens.
Dans la famille au Myanmar, il n'y a que des autels bouddhistes et pas d'autels pour les ancêtres de la famille.
Forum voyage Birmanie : Circulation
Avant 1948, comme en Angleterre, la circulation à gauche s'appliquait en Birmanie. Après l'Indépendance, le Myanmar a appliqué la loi de circulation internationale - rouler à droite du chemin. Toutefois, le gouvernement du Myanmar autorise la circulation à la fois à gauche et à droite. Si vous rencontrez cela dans la rue lors de votre voyage en Birmanie, ne soyez surtout pas surpris.
Le peuple du Myanmar respecte strictement les lois de la circulation même sans la police. Les policiers de la route apparaissent uniquement lorsque les feux de signalisation dysfonctionnent ou en cas d’accident de la circulation.
Forum voyage Birmanie : Coutumes birmanes – la beauté des bonnes pratiques
Le Bouddhisme a une grande influence sur la vie quotidienne de la population du Myanmar. Comme vous le verrez durant votre séjour et parfois, sur le forum voyage Birmanie, les gens vivent honnêtement et préservent les traditions nationales, notamment de solides liens familiaux. Ils respectent les anciens, pratiquent le culte bouddhiste et portent des tenues à la fois simples et décontractées.
La solidarité dans la communauté est très élevée au Myanmar, que ce soit en milieu urbain ou rural, les gens se traitent mutuellement poliment. Il y a rarement des querelles et des bagarres en public. Les familles ou les groupes de personnes vivant à côté des routes dans les villes et les zones rurales ont souvent la responsabilité de placer une cruche d'eau au bord de la route pour que les visiteurs puissent boire gratuitement. Ils considèrent cette action comme une forme d'aumône. C’est ainsi une autre belle façade de la culture birmane témoignant une générosité exceptionnelle du peuple des temples d’or.
Respecter consciencieusement la loi est également une autre beauté dans la vie sociale du Myanmar. La chasse des animaux ou la coupe arbitraire des arbres verts sont des tabous pour le peuple en Birmanie. Ces bonnes manières sont également influencées par la culture du Bouddhisme, pratiqué par la plupart de la population de ce pays. Les contrevenants sont lourdement condamnés et sanctionnés sévèrement par les autorités.
forum-voyage-birmanie-2(Photo: Internet - Aumône en birmanie - quand partir birmanie
"Si ce n’est pas notre propriété, alors il ne faut pas l’utiliser" est ainsi une autre bonne pratique bien appliquée dans la vie quotidienne de la population du Myanmar, fortement influencée par l’esprit bouddhiste. On peut dire que la culture birmane est immergée dans celle du Bouddhisme. Les crimes ou vols dans les lieux publics sont très nombreux et bien sûr, la communauté et la loi vont strictement punir. Avec ce mode de vie, le phénomène de l'adultère se produit ainsi rarement. Les gens du Myanmar ont peur et honte à l’égard des «crimes» d'adultère ou des enfants illégitimes, car ils seront sévèrement condamnés et isolés.
Offrir volontairement de la nourriture aux moines cherchant l’aumône est aussi une culture traditionnelle du peuple du Myanmar. Beaucoup de Birmans, bien que pauvres, sont toujours prêts à donner de la nourriture, de l'argent pour les moines, les nonnes. Ils se sentent ainsi très heureux avec cette pratique de charité. Lors d'un voyage au Myanmar, les touristes étrangers seront surpris de voir tous les matins, un groupe de jeunes moines tenant un bol et cherchant l'aumône dans les rues des villages. De nombreux bienfaiteurs attendent devant le portail de leur maison avec un peu de riz et de la nourriture, pieusement servis à chaque moine.
Les rituels et l'aumône sont solennellement passés sous silence. Quand les moines, nonnes passent par le centre-ville, les vendeurs donnent des offrandes à un ou plusieurs moines et nonnes, en fonction de leurs capacités.
Malgré la vie matérielle encore modeste, beaucoup de gens du Myanmar dans des zones d’urbaines aux zones rurales portent toujours une bonne volonté auprès des animaux. Ils partagent une petite partie de la nourriture de la famille avec des oiseaux, des écureuils, des chiens, des chats… Si vous voyagez au Myanmar et faites un tour dans les marchés, vous verrez des stands vendant des gerbes, réservées aux acheteurs de nourriture pour les oiseaux. Les touristes sont surpris de voir de nombreux types d'oiseaux, des écureuils et des chiens jouer librement dans la rue de la ville de Yangon au Myanmar. Ces animaux sont audacieux et familiers des hommes.
Forum voyage Birmanie : Tabous dans la culture birmane
La conception « l' homme est supérieur » de la société Myanmar est assez lourde. Certains temples sacrés interdisent aux femmes d’approcher les statues de Bouddha ou de venir aux emplacements « réservés aux hommes ». Elles ne peuvent pas mettre l’or sur les objets sacrés dans les temples. Encore pire, elles ne se permettent pas de mettre la tête sur le bras de leur mari car ceci va faire perdre la force de cet homme et son esprit n’est donc plus clair. Cette coutume étrange reste toujours un sujet controversé de la culture birmane, et un des pans de cette culture qui sera le plus difficile à comprendre lors de votre voyage Birmanie.
Le peuple du Myanmar considère la tête comme l’endroit le plus haut pour montrer du respect. Par conséquent, les autres personnes ne doivent pas toucher leur tête. Si vous voyagez en Birmanie, il faut faire attention à cette pratique. Même si vous voyez un enfant adorable, il ne faut pas toucher sa tête. Avec des collègues, il faut éviter de mettre les mains sur leur l'épaule car ceci est considéré comme un geste d’insulte. Lorsque les Birmans font un don ou un cadeau aux personnes âgées, ils utilisent uniquement la main droite parce que la main gauche sert seulement aux toilettes.
Forum voyage Birmanie : Orientation
Selon la coutume birmane, aller vers l’Est va apporter le bonheur. Il est dit que l'Orient est l'endroit où Bouddha a recherché la pureté. Voilà pourquoi les statues bouddhistes dans les familles du Myanmar sont généralement placées à proximité du mur oriental de la pièce principale. Donc, pendant le sommeil, les têtes doivent absolument être tournées vers l'est, pas vers l'ouest, parce que c'est une insulte auprès de Bouddha et apportera donc le malheur.
Les gens du Myanmar croient également que l'ouest est l'endroit mortel. Dans le passé, un Roi du Myanmar a ordonné de décapiter de nombreux prisonniers dans un port occidental. Il ne peut donc pas dormir avec la tête tournant vers l'ouest. On dit aussi dans la culture birmane que l'est et le sud sont des directions importantes, tandis que les directions de l'ouest et du nord sont moins appréciées. Dans cet esprit, lors des visites ou des réunions de famille au Myanmar, les sièges de chef de la famille sont souvent placés à l'est ou au sud.
Selon les coutumes birmanes anciennes, pendant la période de trois mois du 15 Avril au 15 Juillet de chaque année, les moines font la méditation. Donc, toutes sortes de grands événements comme le mariage ne pourront être tenus au Myanmar. En septembre, octobre et décembre, il n’y a pas de cérémonie de mariage. On dit qu’un mariage en septembre ne finit pas dans l’amour ; en octobre le couple aura des difficultés financières et un mariage en décembre se terminera par une séparation conjugale. A ce jour, ces coutumes ont disparu avec le temps, en particulier dans les grandes villes.
Pour de multiples raisons, environ 30% des femmes dans les grandes villes du Myanmar ne construisent pas de familles. En milieu de travail, ce taux peut atteindre jusqu'à 50%. Ainsi, durant votre voyage en Birmanie, il ne faut pas poser aux femmes des questions sur la famille, le mari et les enfants. En outre, les coutumes birmanes n’acceptent pas des gestes d'affection en public. Lever le menton ou signaler par le pied sont considérés comme très impolis au Myanmar.
Tuer des animaux est également un geste inacceptable en Birmanie. Ceci est encore strictement respecté chez les adeptes de Bouddhisme. Les gens du Myanmar n’achètent pas de volailles, de crevettes, de poissons qui sont encore vivants au marché. Ils n’achètent que des viandes déjà prêtes. Nombreux sont les Birmans qui ne mangent pas de viande bovine parce qu'ils considèrent les bœufs comme des compagnons de travail. Manger de la viande de chien est tabou et un geste d'horreur dans la culture birmane.
Forum voyage Birmanie : Origine du nom "Myanmar"
Le nom « Myanmar » fut utilisé au début du XIIe siècle. Malgré son origine encore incertaine, les historiens du Myanmar pense que ce nom vient de "Brahmadesh" en anglais. En sanskrit, il signifie «terre de Brahma» -le dieu hindou de toutes choses.
Le 5 mai 1989, le conseil de restauration d’ordre et des institutions birman a changé son nom anglais et renommé "Myanmar", en même temps que faire des changements dans le nom anglais des autres régions du pays. Le nom de l’ancienne capitale a ainsi été changé de "Rangoon" à "Yangon". En Birmanie, "Myanmar" est le nom du pays, tandis que "Bama" (prise en provenance de Birmanie) est le nom familier.
Cependant, de nombreux groupes d'exilés birmans continuent d'utiliser le nom «Birmanie», car ils n'acceptent pas de la légitimité du gouvernement militaire actuel du Myanmar ainsi que le changement de nom du pays. Certains gouvernements occidentaux, y compris les États-Unis, l’Australie, l'Irlande et le Royaume-Uni continuent d'utiliser le nom «Birmanie». L'Union européenne utilise les deux noms "Myanmar" et "Birmanie" tandis que les Nations Unies utilisent le nom de «Myanmar». L'utilisation du nom «Birmanie» est toujours très populaire aux États-Unis et en Grande-Bretagne. En anglais, les gens utilisent encore le mot «birman» comme adjectif.
Un voyage en Birmanie promet une découverte exceptionnelle sur le Pays des temples d’or. Sans parler des beaux paysages qui apportent un charme authentique sur l’une des terres sacrées du Bouddhisme, le Myanmar nous fascine par sa riche culture ainsi que ses coutumes à la fois uniques et étranges. Un pays magnifique à absolument explorer ! Pour plus d'informations sur comment organiser votre séjour, n'hésitez pas à vous renseigner sur le forum voyage Birmanie.
Source: http://hanoivoyage.com/carnet-voyage/carnet-de-voyage-myanma511-forum-voyage-birmanie-les-us-et-coutumes.html
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2017.01.29 18:21 Mukhasim (Figaro) Bloody Sunday : la longue marche de la vérité HISTOIRE - Le 30 janvier 1972 treize personnes sont tuées par des soldats britanniques lors d'une manifestation pacifique en Irlande du Nord. Retour en cinq dates sur ce drame et la quête de justice.

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2016.08.31 08:30 Marideaux Schalke Players on International Duty

Germany - Benedikt Höwedes, Max Meyer (for Finnland only)
Date Opponent Result Competition
31.8. Finnland W 2:0 Testspiel
4.9. Norway W 3:0 WM-Qualifikation
Germany U20 - Joshua Bitter
Date Opponent Result Competition
1.9. Italy L 0:1 U20-Spielrunde
6.9. Poland U20-Spielrunde
Germany U21 - Timon Wellenreuther
Date Opponent Result Competition
2.9. Slovakia W 3:0 Testspiel
6.9. Finnland U21-EM-Qualifikation
Switzerland - Breel Embolo
Date Opponent Result Competition
6.9. Portugal WM-Qualifikation
Bosnia - Sead Kolasinac
Date Opponent Result Competition
6.9. Estonia WM-Qualikation
Serbia - Matija Nastasic
Date Opponent Result Competition
5.9. Irland D 2:2 WM-Qualifikation
Austria - Alessandro Schöpf
Date Opponent Result Competition
5.9. Georgia W 1:2 WM-Qualifikation
Ghana - Abdul Rahman Baba
Date Opponent Result Competition
3.9. Ruanda D 1:1 Afrika-Cup-Qualifikation
6.9. Russia Testspiel
Algeria - Nabil Bentaleb
Date Opponent Result Competition
2.9. Lesotho Afrika-Cup-Qualifikation
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2016.06.13 18:00 _Kierz_ [Seriös] Euros: Ireland Vs Sweden - LIVE

The Euros game- Ireland Vs Sweden is LIVE right now!
For more information about dates, or to view the goals e.t.c..............

visit Euros !

Den euro spel- Irland Vs Sverige är LIVE just nu!

För mer information om datum, eller för att visa mål e.t.c ..............

Besökare euros!

(Min svenska är dålig)
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2016.06.05 01:58 ShaunaDorothy Grande-Bretagne, dehors ! UE : Ennemie des travailleurs et des immigrés - Pour l’unité des travailleurs européens par-delà les frontières ! (Juin 2016)

https://archive.is/trLA5
Le Bolchévik nº 216 Juin 2016
Nous reproduisons ci-dessous la traduction d’un article paru dans le n° 234 (printemps 2016) de Workers Hammer, le journal de la Spartacist League/Britain, section britannique de la Ligue communiste internationale.
Fidèle aux principes révolutionnaires, prolétariens et internationalistes du marxisme, la Spartacist League/Britain est heureuse de saisir l’occasion d’appeler haut et fort à voter pour la sortie de l’Union européenne au prochain référendum sur le maintien de la Grande-Bretagne dans l’UE. Il y a plus de 40 ans, nous écrivions au sujet du Marché commun, le prédécesseur de l’UE : « l’unité sous le capitalisme n’est pas seulement un mythe qui sera brisé à la première récession économique sérieuse, elle doit aussi nécessairement être dirigée contre la classe ouvrière, chaque classe capitaliste nationale s’efforçant de devenir “compétitive” par une politique de “rationalisation” » (« Les travailleurs et le Marché commun », Workers Vanguard n° 15, janvier 1973).
Qui pourrait nier que c’est ce qui s’est passé dans les décennies qui ont suivi, en particulier à la suite du krach financier mondial de 2007-2008 ? Des conditions de vie en chute libre pour les travailleurs, des taux de chômage massifs et croissants, des coupes dans les allocations sociales de première nécessité pour les personnes âgées, les handicapés et les pauvres pour gaver les gros richards de la City de Londres – voilà le visage de cette union d’impérialistes assoiffés de profit. Dans le cadre de l’UE, les politiques monétaristes antisyndicales – ce qu’on appelle aujourd’hui le « néo-libéralisme » – introduites dans les années 1980 par Reagan aux Etats-Unis et Thatcher en Grande-Bretagne ont été étendues aux pays impérialistes continentaux. Le « miracle économique » qui a, une fois de plus, fait de l’Allemagne la puissance impérialiste dominante en Europe, s’est accompli sur le dos du prolétariat allemand, en particulier avec les « réformes » Hartz IV : introduites par le chancelier social-démocrate Gerhard Schröder il y a plus de dix ans, elles se sont traduites par des coupes sombres dans les salaires et les allocations sociales.
Les effets dévastateurs de l’austérité imposée par l’UE aux économies capitalistes plus faibles, collectivement désignées sous le sobriquet péjoratif de « PIGS » [Portugal, Irlande, Grèce et Espagne, pigs voulant dire « porcs » en anglais] ne sont que trop connus. Comme il fallait renflouer les banques de Francfort, de Paris et de Londres suite à la panique financière de 2007-2008, cela a eu pour conséquence une terrible paupérisation des masses grecques et la destruction (toujours en cours) du tissu social de la société grecque. On est bien loin de l’affirmation mensongère que l’unité, dominée par les impérialistes, et une monnaie commune (l’euro) ouvriraient une ère de prospérité ! Comme le déclaraient nos camarades du Groupe trotskyste de Grèce dans leur déclaration du 17 juillet 2015 appelant à la formation urgente de comités d’action ouvriers : « L’UE et sa monnaie, l’euro, sont un piège qui n’apporte que souffrances à la grande majorité du peuple grec. Il faut dire non à l’UE et à l’euro […]. Rompez avec les capitalistes et leurs banques ! » (le Bolchévik n° 213, septembre 2015).
Un autre mythe mérite tout autant d’être jeté à la poubelle des illusions perdues, à côté de celui de la prospérité de l’UE : « l’ouverture des frontières ». Pour les accords de Schengen on avait fait miroiter la promesse de voyager sans passeport à l’intérieur de l’Europe. En fait, ils ont constitué le socle de la « forteresse Europe » raciste. On en a de nouvelles preuves chaque semaine. Quand les réfugiés fuyant les déprédations économiques des impérialistes et leurs bombardements terroristes au Proche-Orient, en Afghanistan, en Afrique et ailleurs ont commencé à affluer sur les côtes au Nord de la Méditerranée, les barrières et les points de contrôle aux frontières ont commencé à se multiplier dans toute l’Europe.
Zizanie chez les conservateurs
Le principe fondateur de l’UE a toujours été la liberté de circulation pour le capital, pas pour les personnes. Pourtant c’est le chauvinisme anti-immigrés, en particulier contre les travailleurs d’Europe de l’Est qui viennent travailler en Grande-Bretagne, qui domine jusqu’ici le débat sur le Brexit. Pour commencer, si le Premier Ministre David Cameron a appelé au référendum du 23 juin – au grand dam de son partenaire dominant américain et d’une partie substantielle de l’establishment britannique – c’est bien pour endiguer le soutien grandissant au sein du Parti conservateur et de sa base électorale dont jouit l’UKIP (Parti pour l’indépendance du Royaume-Uni) de Nigel Farage, un parti violemment chauvin et anti-immigrés. Moyennant quoi le Parti conservateur est plus profondément divisé que jamais, comme l’a montré la démission du gouvernement de Iain Duncan Smith, partisan déclaré du « Brexit » [la sortie de la Grande-Bretagne de l’UE]. Duncan Smith prétend avoir démissionné à cause de la décision de diminuer les allocations pour les handicapés, mais ce n’est guère crédible s’agissant de l’homme qui a introduit l’« impôt sur les chambres » [une taxe sur les chambres prétendument inoccupées dans les logements sociaux] et qui a mené de brutales « réformes » des prestations sociales.
Dans le Parti conservateur, les camps pro et anti-UE attisent tous les deux le chauvinisme anti-immigrés. L’UKIP et les opposants à Cameron au sein du Parti conservateur veulent des contrôles aux frontières plus stricts, sans interférence de la part de l’UE, tandis que Cameron évoque le spectre de « jungles d’immigrés » dans le Sud-Est de l’Angleterre en cas de Brexit. De son côté, le ministre français de l’Economie Emmanuel Macron déclare que la France déroulera le tapis rouge devant les financiers de la City qui choisiront de déménager à Paris. Cela en dit long sur comment la fameuse « liberté de circulation » est censée fonctionner : un refuge paradisiaque pour les financiers parasites et l’enfer pour les migrants désespérés. La classe ouvrière organisée doit se mobiliser en défense des immigrés contre la réaction raciste et exiger les pleins droits de citoyenneté pour tous ceux qui réussissent à arriver en Grande-Bretagne ! Non aux expulsions !
Des années durant, Jeremy Corbyn s’est opposé au soutien de longue date du Parti travailliste à l’UE. Aujourd’hui, sous sa direction, le Parti travailliste joint sa voix à celle de Cameron pour appeler à voter pour rester dans l’UE. Corbyn met en avant sa vision d’une « Europe sociale » et s’oppose aux restrictions sur les aides aux immigrés négociées par Cameron en février. C’est en particulier pour cela que Corbyn est haï par la racaille blairiste – les Neil Kinnock, Margaret Beckett, Hilary Benn, David Blunkett, Jack Straw – qui soutient la campagne trans-partisane « pour une Grande-Bretagne plus forte dans l’Europe ». Toutefois, il se peut qu’en fin de compte le Parti travailliste, sous Corbyn, joue un rôle déterminant pour arracher une victoire pour le maintien dans l’UE, comme le faisaient remarquer les pro-UE du Guardian (16 février). Notant que « Corbyn est d’instinct plus eurosceptique que son parti », l’éditorial du Guardian mettait « au crédit de Corbyn et au bénéfice du Parti travailliste » sa décision de soutenir la ligne pro-UE. Ceci est à peu près tout ce que le Guardian a trouvé à dire en faveur de Corbyn depuis sa campagne pour se faire élire à la direction du Parti travailliste.
Le gouvernement capitaliste irlandais fait subir à sa classe ouvrière l’austérité brutale dictée par l’UE. En Ecosse, les nationalistes bourgeois du SNP [Scottish National Party] se sont engagés à maintenir l’Ecosse au sein de l’UE et de l’OTAN. Ces aspirants impérialistes de second ordre sont également loyaux envers la monarchie britannique, qui est la pierre angulaire du « Royaume-Uni », cette entité réactionnaire revendiquant la possession de l’Irlande du Nord et reposant sur la domination par l’Angleterre de l’Ecosse et du Pays de Galles. Nous, marxistes, sommes pour le droit à l’autodétermination pour l’Ecosse et le Pays de Galles, et nous luttons pour une fédération volontaire des républiques ouvrières des îles britanniques.
L’American connection
Le patronat britannique est partagé sur le référendum, et l’incertitude quant au résultat a provoqué une baisse de la livre. Beaucoup d’industriels, pour qui le continent est un gros marché à l’exportation, préfèrent que la Grande-Bretagne reste dans l’UE. Mais le plus important pour l’économie britannique n’est pas l’industrie, mais la finance. Les avis sont toutefois aussi partagés au sein de la City. Les fonds spéculatifs penchent pour la sortie afin d’échapper aux réglementations de l’UE comme le plafonnement des bonus des banquiers. En revanche, les grandes banques d’investissement sont en faveur du maintien dans l’UE. Les banques d’investissement sont les poids lourds de la City, et elles sont majoritairement américaines, allemandes et suisses. La Grande-Bretagne a beau se vanter de posséder quelques grandes banques d’investissement autochtones, la City fonctionne selon le « modèle Wimbledon » – Londres organise le tournoi mondial, mais n’est pas censée fournir les grands joueurs.
La prépondérance du parasitisme financier en Grande-Bretagne était déjà évidente à la fin du XIXe siècle. Lénine observait en 1916 « le développement extraordinaire de la classe ou, plus exactement, de la couche des rentiers, c’est-à-dire des gens qui vivent de la “tonte des coupons” » en Grande-Bretagne, dont le revenu « est cinq fois plus élevé que celui qui provient du commerce extérieur, et cela dans le pays le plus “commerçant” du monde » (l’Impérialisme, stade suprême du capitalisme). La tendance que décrivait Lénine est devenue encore plus prononcée à la suite de la Deuxième Guerre mondiale. Et dans les années 1980 (suite à la défaite de la grève des mineurs de 1984-1985, ce qui n’est pas un hasard), Margaret Thatcher a orchestré la déréglementation du secteur financier, qui a conduit à une vaste expansion de la fortune des banquiers de la City.
C’est surtout depuis la fin de la Deuxième Guerre mondiale que l’impérialisme britannique est relégué à un rôle de partenaire subordonné des Etats-Unis – ce qui s’est manifesté de façon spectaculaire avec la crise de Suez en 1956. Dans le domaine économique, c’est le rôle que joue la City vis-à-vis de Wall Street. Au niveau militaire, la « relation spéciale » [entre la Grande-Bretagne et les Etats-Unis] signifie que les forces armées britanniques participent pratiquement à toutes les opérations militaires américaines, comme la dévastation de l’Afghanistan, de l’Irak et d’autres parties du Proche-Orient. Et, au sein de l’UE, la Grande-Bretagne joue en partie un rôle d’avocat des intérêts américains.
C’est pourquoi Washington cache difficilement sa colère envers le gouvernement Cameron pour avoir pris le risque de faire sortir la Grande-Bretagne de l’UE. Damon Wilson, ancien directeur des affaires européennes sous la présidence républicaine de George W. Bush, déclarait au cours d’un débat au Sénat américain en février dernier qu’un Brexit priverait les Etats-Unis d’« une voix capitale, non seulement dans la formulation de la politique de l’UE, mais aussi de l’avenir de l’Europe ». Barack Obama a programmé une visite en Grande-Bretagne en avril prochain pour « tendre la main devant tout le monde » afin de promouvoir le vote pour le maintien de la Grande-Bretagne dans l’UE.
L’OTAN, l’UE et la guerre froide
Le prédécesseur de l’UE, le Marché commun, avait été mis en place en tant qu’auxiliaire de l’OTAN, l’alliance militaire dominée par les Etats-Unis et dirigée contre l’Union soviétique. Selon la formule de son premier secrétaire général, Lord Ismay, son objectif était de « maintenir les Russes dehors, les Américains dedans et les Allemands en bas ». Selon la mythologie bourgeoise d’aujourd’hui, l’UE, qui est un produit de la guerre froide impérialiste, aurait empêché la répétition de la Deuxième Guerre mondiale. Au beau milieu d’une crise de l’euro, Angela Merkel déclarait : « Personne ne doit s’imaginer qu’un nouveau demi-siècle de paix en Europe soit acquis – ce n’est pas vrai » (Telegraph, 26 octobre 2011).
C’est l’Union soviétique qui avait mis fin à la guerre en Europe en libérant du Troisième Reich nazi le continent, au prix de 27 millions de morts soviétiques. La victoire de l’Armée rouge avait également arraché une grande partie de l’Europe centrale et de l’Est à l’exploitation capitaliste. Dans ce contexte, les gouvernements capitalistes d’Europe occidentale avaient concédé des systèmes de prestations sociales, ce qu’on a appelé l’« Etat-providence ».
Produit de la Révolution d’octobre 1917, l’Union soviétique était restée un Etat ouvrier reposant sur l’expropriation des capitalistes et la collectivisation des moyens de production, et ceci malgré sa dégénérescence sous la caste bureaucratique dirigée par Staline. Jusqu’à la défaite finale, nous avons combattu pour la défense militaire inconditionnelle de l’Union soviétique et des Etats ouvriers déformés d’Europe centrale et de l’Est qui étaient organisés selon le même modèle : nous avions la perspective d’une révolution politique prolétarienne pour chasser la bureaucratie stalinienne et remettre l’URSS sur la voie internationaliste des bolchéviks de Lénine et Trotsky. Nous, trotskystes, avons été les seuls à lutter pour préserver et étendre ces acquis révolutionnaires de la classe ouvrière tandis que toutes les autres tendances sur la planète ont capitulé devant la pression idéologique de l’anticommunisme.
La restauration du capitalisme en Union soviétique en 1991-1992 a conduit à la paupérisation des masses laborieuses dans toutes les anciennes républiques soviétiques et elle a provoqué toute une vague de massacres intercommunautaires. En l’absence du contrepoids que représentait l’Union soviétique, l’impérialisme américain s’est enhardi pour fouler au pied les exploités et les opprimés du monde entier, des Balkans jusqu’au Proche-Orient. La contre-révolution capitaliste a également encouragé les classes dirigeantes impérialistes d’Europe à s’attaquer aux acquis sociaux associés à l’« Etat-providence » de l’après-guerre.
Après la contre-révolution capitaliste, qui a jeté les bases d’une Allemagne renforcée et réunifiée, l’OTAN est devenue principalement un instrument des Etats-Unis pour affirmer leur domination militaire en Europe. Comme nous l’écrivions au moment du traité de Maastricht de 1992, qui créait l’UE :
« La période de l’après-guerre a pris fin il y a deux ans et demi, quand la bureaucratie soviétique de Gorbatchev, en voie de désintégration, a abandonné l’Allemagne de l’Est, annulant ainsi la victoire de l’Armée rouge sur le Troisième Reich nazi […]. « L’Allemagne de l’Ouest a été transformée : auparavant alliée de guerre froide de l’impérialisme américain, elle est devenue un Quatrième Reich qui cherche à dominer l’Europe. »
– « Euro-chaos », Workers Vanguard n° 560, 2 octobre 1992
Pour brider les ambitions de l’impérialisme allemand, Washington avait insisté que l’Allemagne devait demeurer membre de l’OTAN après avoir annexé l’ex-Etat ouvrier est-allemand (RDA). Quand l’impérialisme allemand réunifié précipita l’éclatement sanglant de l’Etat ouvrier déformé yougoslave en orchestrant la sécession de la Croatie et de la Slovénie, les Etats-Unis répliquèrent par une intervention militaire de l’OTAN en Bosnie. Les Etats-Unis commencèrent aussi à étendre l’OTAN vers l’Europe de l’Est, y compris en parrainant et en finançant diverses « révolutions de couleur » dans les pays précédemment soviétiques ou alliés des Soviétiques. Ces opérations ont mené il y a deux ans au coup d’Etat en Ukraine, où grouillaient les fascistes.
Pour sa part, l’impérialisme français soutint l’unification allemande à la condition que l’Allemagne accepte une monnaie européenne commune, dans le but de contenir la puissance du deutschemark. Sur l’ordre de Jacques Delors, membre du Parti socialiste français, la monnaie unique fut inscrite dans le traité de Maastricht qui créait le cadre de l’UE d’aujourd’hui. Loin d’affaiblir la puissance de l’impérialisme allemand, l’euro l’a renforcée, y compris vis-à-vis de son rival français.
Toutefois, les rivalités interimpérialistes demeurent largement en sourdine depuis la chute de l’URSS, en raison de la puissance militaire disproportionnée des Etats-Unis qui surpasse de très loin celle de ses principaux rivaux impérialistes, l’Allemagne et le Japon. Dans le même temps, la puissance militaire des Etats-Unis est sans commune mesure avec sa puissance économique.
Derrière la façade de l’unité américano-européenne contre la Russie capitaliste de Poutine, les rivalités interimpérialistes s’aiguisent. Londres rechigne à s’aliéner les riches oligarques russes, pour qui la City est un centre bancaire offshore et un lieu de villégiature. Le gouvernement français était réticent à annuler ses lucratives ventes d’armes au régime de Poutine. Et l’impérialisme allemand dépend de la Russie pour son commerce et son approvisionnement en énergie. Les impérialistes américains ont pour préoccupation majeure aujourd’hui d’empêcher une alliance germano-russe. La puissance militaire allemande est sans commune mesure avec celle des Etats-Unis – même si cela pourrait changer à brève échéance étant donné la base industrielle de l’Allemagne. Mais la puissance économique allemande, combinée au substantiel arsenal russe, dont une grande partie est héritée de l’ex-Union soviétique, pourrait constituer à l’avenir un contrepoids aux Etats-Unis.
Les habits neufs de l’« ultra-impérialisme » de Kautsky
Dans le chaos croissant qui menace l’UE, un Brexit porterait un grand coup à ce conglomérat dominé par les impérialistes ; cela le déstabiliserait encore plus et créerait des conditions plus favorables aux luttes de la classe ouvrière partout en Europe, notamment en Grande-Bretagne contre un gouvernement conservateur affaibli et discrédité. Mais le Parti travailliste et la bureaucratie syndicale, tout comme les sociaux-démocrates et les chefs traîtres des syndicats dans toute l’Europe, refusent au contraire de mobiliser contre l’UE, abandonnant le terrain de l’opposition à l’UE aux réactionnaires et aux fascistes ouvertement anti-immigrés.
Au début des années 1970, 70 % environ de la population britannique s’opposait à l’adhésion au Marché commun ; la gauche du Parti travailliste et le Congrès des syndicats (TUC) s’y opposaient alors aussi, même si c’était dans la perspective nationaliste de la « petite Angleterre » et du protectionnisme pour « sauver les emplois britanniques ». Le protectionnisme sert de couverture au rejet de la lutte de classe en faveur de la collaboration de classes et il attise la pire xénophobie chauvine. Face à de tels appels misérables à « son propre » gouvernement, les marxistes opposent le combat des syndicats, basé sur la lutte de classe, contre les fermetures d’usine et pour des emplois pour tous, sans perte de salaire.
En tout cas, quand la Grande-Bretagne a adhéré au Marché commun à l’issue du référendum de 1975, la bureaucratie du TUC n’a pas émis la moindre protestation. Après avoir trahi la grève héroïque des mineurs en 1984-1985 – dont la victoire aurait pu repousser l’offensive antisyndicale et encourager la lutte de classe en Europe –, les dirigeants syndicaux britanniques ont ensuite trouvé une bonne excuse pour abandonner leur opposition purement formelle au club capitaliste européen. Leur « conversion » a été l’œuvre de Jacques Delors, qui a appris au TUC comment vendre la « dimension sociale » de ce bloc commercial impérialiste. Dans une déclaration adoptée lors de son dernier congrès, en septembre dernier, le TUC affirmait : « Au fil des ans, le Congrès a constamment exprimé son soutien à une Union européenne qui apporte une prospérité économique basée sur la justice sociale, les droits civiques et les droits de l’homme, l’égalité pour tous et des droits sur le lieu de travail ». La « justice sociale » et les « droits » que l’UE est censée incarner – et qu’elle n’a assurément pas apportés – fournissent une couverture superficielle et bon marché pour les privatisations, les coupes claires dans les prestations sociales, les licenciements et toute la politique d’ouverture des services publics au marché, tout en réduisant les salaires et le niveau de vie des travailleurs partout en Europe.
Bien qu’habituellement dans l’orbite du Parti travailliste, le Socialist Party du Comité pour une internationale ouvrière (CIO) de Peter Taaffe [représenté en France par la Gauche révolutionnaire] et le Socialist Workers Party (SWP) de Tony Cliff se sont prononcés en faveur d’un vote pour la sortie de l’UE au nom de l’opposition à l’austérité. Ces deux groupes relèvent les attaques dévastatrices de l’UE contre la population grecque. Mais leur opposition verbale est démentie par leurs actes politiques. Tous les deux se sont félicités de la première victoire électorale du parti pro-UE Syriza en janvier 2015. Le gouvernement Syriza a ensuite mis en œuvre les diktats d’austérité de l’UE. De son côté, la « Coalition des syndicalistes et des socialistes » dominée par le Socialist Party et soutenue par le SWP s’oppose à l’appartenance à l’UE, avec cette réserve qu’elle « respectera pleinement le droit des membres de notre coalition ne soutenant pas cette position à faire campagne publiquement pour leur propre position ».
L’Alliance for Workers’ Liberty (AWL), un groupe (à peine) réformiste, est au premier plan de la lutte pour l’UE. L’AWL a lancé une campagne intitulée « Restons-y et luttons pour une Europe ouvrière » et elle a pondu une série de motions modèles visant à mobiliser les sections syndicales, le Parti travailliste et les autres organisations contre un Brexit. Une déclaration de l’AWL intitulée « L’unité limitée de l’Union européenne en danger » fustige le référendum de Cameron en l’accusant d’accroître la menace contre la « trame » de l’unité européenne (Solidarity, 27 janvier). L’AWL ajoute :
« Même sous le capitalisme, une unité européenne volontaire est meilleure que de hautes barrières entre les pays. C’est un progrès, comparé aux siècles de querelles entre élites, de guerres et de nationalisme. Au niveau social et économique, l’Europe est l’arène rationnelle pour développer les économies des pays européens et pour commencer à niveler par le haut la condition des travailleurs partout en Europe et au-delà, pour organiser la production industrielle et agricole afin qu’elle bénéficie à la race humaine tout entière, ainsi que pour protéger l’environnement dont nous dépendons tous. »
Cet hymne à l’unité capitaliste européenne ferait honte même au renégat du marxisme Karl Kautsky. En 1914, à la veille de la Première Guerre mondiale interimpérialiste, Kautsky postulait la possibilité d’un capitalisme « pacifique » basé sur les monopoles supranationaux : « la politique impérialiste actuelle ne peut-elle pas être supplantée par une politique nouvelle, ultra-impérialiste, qui substituerait à la lutte entre les capitaux financiers nationaux l’exploitation de l’univers en commun par le capital financier uni à l’échelle internationale ? Cette nouvelle phase du capitalisme est en tout cas concevable » (cité par Lénine dans l’Impérialisme, stade suprême du capitalisme, 1916). La brochure de Lénine, qui élaborait une conception marxiste de l’impérialisme, était une polémique argumentée contre les illusions semées par Kautsky.
Lénine démontrait que l’impérialisme n’est pas une option politique, mais au contraire le stade final inéluctable du capitalisme, la concurrence de libre marché conduisant à la domination du capitalisme monopoliste, et le capital financier recouvrant complètement le capital industriel. Un corollaire inévitable de l’émergence et de la domination du capital financier fut la croissance du militarisme, les grandes puissances rivalisant l’une avec l’autre pour le contrôle des colonies et des sphères d’exploitation ; processus qui aboutit finalement à la guerre du fait des changements de rapports des forces. Lénine concluait à propos de Kautsky :
« la signification sociale objective, c’est-à-dire réelle, de sa “théorie” est et ne peut être que de consoler les masses, dans un esprit éminemment réactionnaire, par l’espoir d’une paix permanente en régime capitaliste, en détournant leur attention des antagonismes aigus et des problèmes aigus de l’actualité, et en l’orientant vers les perspectives mensongères d’on ne sait quel futur “ultra-impérialisme” prétendument nouveau ».
Les crises qui assaillent aujourd’hui l’UE démontrent à nouveau la contradiction entre le marché mondial international créé par le capitalisme et l’Etat-nation, au moyen duquel le capitalisme est apparu et s’est développé. L’Etat-nation est devenu un obstacle à l’expansion des forces productives. Mais cet obstacle ne peut être transcendé par une sorte d’institution capitaliste supranationale. Le capitalisme repose sur la concurrence entre cartels capitalistes – dont chacun dépend en fin de compte de la puissance militaire de son propre Etat capitaliste pour protéger ses investissements – de manière à obtenir le retour sur investissement le plus élevé, c’est-à-dire l’exploitation maximale de la classe ouvrière à l’intérieur et à l’étranger. Les pays les plus puissants domineront inévitablement les pays plus faibles et chercheront à s’arroger une part plus grande des profits. Le but de l’UE est de faciliter cela.
Le fait que cette alliance impérialiste instable a duré aussi longtemps est principalement la responsabilité des travaillistes, des sociaux-démocrates et de leurs complices dans la bureaucratie syndicale. Non seulement ils ont insisté auprès des ouvriers pour qu’ils soutiennent politiquement l’UE, mais ils ont aussi aidé les bourgeoisies impérialistes en refusant de mener le genre de lutte de classe qui aurait pu repousser les mesures antisyndicales et l’austérité infligées par les capitalistes. La Ligue communiste internationale se bat pour forger des partis d’avant-garde prolétariens et internationaux sur le modèle des bolchéviks de Lénine, pour diriger de nouvelles révolutions d’Octobre en Grande-Bretagne et partout dans le monde. Ce que nous écrivions il y a plus de 40 ans dans « Les travailleurs et le Marché commun » reste vrai par rapport à l’UE :
« Seule l’unité sur une base socialiste, réalisée par la révolution prolétarienne et l’expropriation des grands monopoles, peut inaugurer un développement économique mondial rationnel sans exploitation. Des Etats-Unis socialistes d’Europe ne peuvent être créés que sur la base de la lutte la plus vigoureuse contre le Marché commun capitaliste et tout ce qu’il représente. Et ce n’est que si elle est placée sous le contrôle uni des ouvriers eux-mêmes que la capacité productive de l’Europe pourra être mise au service des travailleurs du monde entier. »
http://www.icl-fi.org/francais/lebol/216/brexit.html
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